Events

The GIZ project „Effective adaptation finance (M&E Adapt)“ on behalf of BMZ facilitates exchange and learning on methods and tools for M&E of adaptation and fosters capacity building. As part of this effort, the project regularly contributes to international conferences including the UN climate change negotiations.


Adaptation Metrics Conference

27 September 2016, Rabat, Morocco

The Scientific Committee of COP22 supported by GIZ Morocco hosted the Adaptation Metrics Conference under the title “Measuring adaptation for concrete action” on 27 September in Skhirat, Morocco (Programme flyer). The conference was attended by over 100 representatives of implementing agencies, financial institutions, international organisations, think tanks and academia. A summary of the conference was submitted by the Kingdom of Morocco to the UNFCCC Adaptation Committee. The Project M&E Adapt also published a summary with reflections about the conference at the UKCIP Blog.


Adaptation Futures Conference 2016: “Monitoring, reporting and evaluating adaptation: current practice and looking ahead”

10-12 May 2016

GIZ & the European Environment Agency jointly organized the practice session “Monitoring, reporting and evaluating adaptation: current practice and looking ahead” (session PR 8.8). Four case studies of national and regional adaptation M&E systems were presented from Germany, the Mekong River Commission, the UK and South Africa. GIZ presented the guidebook on developing national adaptation M&E systems and EEA presented the report on adaptation M&E systems in Europe. A concise summary is available as session report and the presentations are available at the conference results page.


UNFCCC Side Event: “Monitoring & Reporting Adaptation: learning from pioneering countries”

9 Juni 2015, Bonn, Germany Flyer of the Side Event

Numerous governments are developing national adaptation M&E Systems in order to track implementation and assess the effectiveness of adaptation actions. Soon, several countries including Germany, the Philippines and South Africa will for the first time report results of their adaptation M&E systems. Key questions for national adaptation reporting are the purpose of reporting, what to report, to whom, how often and via which channels. At the Side Event, Germany and the Philippines presented details of their national adaptation reporting process and outputs (see presentations below). To kick-off the fishbowl discussion, South Africa presented its adaptation mainstreaming and M&E work and Christina Chan, member and former Co-Chair of the Adaptation Committee, reflected on the link to international reporting. Click to download the presentations:


9th Community-based Adaptation Conference: Measuring effective adaptation

27-30 April 2015, Nairobi, Kenya

The 9th CBA conference had the theme “Measuring and enhancing effective adaptation”. More than 400 people from roughly 90 countries attended. The project “M&E Adapt” was part of the plenary session “Measuring, linking and learning about adaptation effectiveness across scales” (details are available as journal article) and contributed to multiple sessions, presenting the M&E guidebook “Adaptation made to measure” and the corresponding monitoring tool (MACC). A summary of the conference is available as conference proceedings. A daily blog, videos and the programme of the conference can be downloaded at the conference website.


2nd International Conference on Evaluating Climate Change and Development

4-6 November 2014, Washington DC

Almost 300 practitioners, academics, and policymakers from 59 countries met to exchange ideas and methods, as well as to identify new ways to support the demand and use of climate change and development evaluations in order to improve policy making. The conference was organized by the Independent Evaluation Unit of the Global Environment Facility and co-hosted by GIZ on behalf of BMZ. Visit the conference website for plenary and webinar recordings and to view the detailed programme. Highlights from the conference are published in the open-access bookEvaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development” by Springer Publishing (2016).


UNFCCC Side Event: “Measuring and reporting effective adaptation: challenges, approaches and ways forward”

10 June 2014, Bonn, Germany

The debate on adaptation in the 2015 climate agreement and the establishment of the Green Climate Fund have sparked an intense discussion on adaptation effectiveness. How can an outcome-oriented use of adaptation finance be ensured? What approaches are needed for measuring and reporting adaptation results? GIZ, IIED and the GEF presented their approaches and activities in results-oriented monitoring. Panelists from Kenya and the Mekong River Commission (MRC) discussed their experience with setting up M&E systems for adaptation to climate change. For further details please see the side event report.

You can find the presentations here:

Adaptation M&E Training

A training course for developing project- and national-level adaptation M&E systems

Structure of the M&E Training

Overview of the M&E modules

Description

This interactive training course (2-3 days) gives participants a systematic introduction to adaptation M&E. They get to know the process of developing adaptation M&E systems and indicators at national and project level. The structure of the training is shown in the illustration below.

The course can be combined with the GIZ/OECD training ‘Integrating climate change adaptation into development planning’ or in a stand-alone format (duration: 2-3 days).

Target Group Project developers and managers, staff of implementing agencies and government representatives
Type of resource Training
Downloads English

GIZ Adaptation M&E Trainer's handbook (2.3 MB)
Trainer's handbook with guidance on how to run the sessions.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Factsheet (2.1 MB)
Factsheet describing the adaptation M&E training course.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Manual (2.2 MB)
Training Manual for Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation; part of the OECD-GIZ Training on Integrating Adaptation into development planning.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Slides (.pptx) (17.1 MB)
Slides of the Adaptation M&E Training which is part of the GIZ-OECD Training course on integrating adaptation into development planning. (Updated: 2016)

Castellano

GIZ Adaptación de S&E Training Presentación (.pptx) (17.1 MB)
Presentación del curso de entrenamiento de S&E de la adaptación, el cual forma parte del curso de entrenamiento desarrollado en conjunto entre GIZ y OECD, sobre la integración de la adaptación en la planeación del desarrollo. (Versión actualizada: 2016)

 

Multi-level adaptation M&E

A holistic approach to climate change adaptation requires actions on project as well as on the national level. For each level there are specific tools to assess and monitor the results. But GIZ has also developed a number of support tools which can be applied on both levels. These can help to select an appropriate approach for monitoring and evaluation of adaptation as well as to inform about the development of adaptation M&E systems and indicators at national and project level.

Adaptation M&E Navigator - A decision support tool for the selection of suitable approaches … Continue reading
Adaptation M&E Training - A training course for developing project- and national-level adaptation M&E … Continue reading
Adaptation M&E Training - A training course for developing project- and national-level adaptation M&E … Continue reading

Other resources on adaptation M&E

The following presents a number of further resources on adaptation M&E with a particular focus on applications at the national level.

IIED’s Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD) approach focuses on monitoring climate risk management (institutions, policies, capacities) as well as adaptation and development outcomes. Scorecards can be used to tailor indicators to the respective context. TAMD has been applied in several countries at national and community level. The Government of Cambodia, for instance, has decided to use TAMD for its national adaptation M&E framework. GIZ has partnered with IIED to develop sector specific indicators in Cambodia for health, agriculture and transportation. The Cambodian M&E framework and sector indicators are described in a detailed report from 2015. All TAMD resources, including a step-by-step guide, are available on IIED’s website.

UKCIP, as part of the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford, has developed a synthesis of tools, frameworks and approaches for the monitoring & evaluation for climate change adaptation and resilience (2014). It also has published guidance notes related to M&E of adaptation: Twelve reasons why climate change adaptation M&E is challenging, Selecting indicators for climate change adaptation programming, Theory of Change approach to climate change adaptation programming.

In 2015 the online community of practice Climate-Eval published a good practice study on “Principles for Indicator Development, Selection, and Use in Climate ChangeAdaptation Monitoring and Evaluation”.

In relation to the German Adaptation Strategy, Germany’s Federal Environment Agency (UBA) developed an indicator system (English Summary: p. 1-15) to monitor climate change impacts and adaptation responses. The monitoring system is also described in this factsheet as part of GIZ’s comparative analysis study of adaptation M&E systems. The first adaptation monitoring report based on the indicator system was published in 2015 (currently only available in German).

The OECD published a report on methodological challenges of adaptation M&E in 2014 and a report on early practices of national adaptation M&E systems including case studies of Germany, Kenya and the Philippines (complementary to the study by GIZ).

The European Environment Agency published an overview of adaptation M&E efforts by its European member countries in December 2015. The report has been presented alongside the GIZ national adaptation M&E guidebook at the Adaptation Futures Conference in May 2016 in Rotterdam.

In 2013 the Adaptation Committee under the UNFCCC conducted a workshop on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation at national level. The workshop report and presentations can be found here.

The journal New Directions for Evaluation published a special issue in 2015 on adaptation M&E including an article on how to link national and subnational adaptation M&E systems.

Webinars

The GIZ project „Effective Adaptation Finance (M&E Adapt)“ on behalf of BMZ facilitates exchange and learning on methods and tools for M&E of adaptation and fosters capacity building. As part of this effort, the project regularly hosts or contributes to webinars.


Webinar “Assessing national adaptation in light of the Paris Agreement” (15 December 2016)

The webinar presented the results of the Adaptation Metrics Conference, which was hosted by the Scientific Committee of COP22, and introduced a guidebook for the development of national adaptation M&E Systems. The guidebook was developed in cooperation with the UNFCCC Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group. The webinar also demonstrated how the M&E guidebook was used as part of the NAP process in Togo.

You can download the presentations, listen to the webinar recording (requires JAVA) and read a blog about the Adaptation Metrics Conference.


Webinar „Impact Evaluation of Climate Adaptation Projects“ (05 October 2016).

The webinar launched the new Impact Evaluation Guidebook for Climate Adaptation Projects, developed in collaboration between GIZ, CeVAL and UNDP, and discussed the following questions:

  • How can the impact of adaptation projects be assessed?
  • Which impact evaluation methods can be applied to which types of adaptation projects?
  • How can a participatory impact evaluation be designed in practice? An example from Morocco.

Speakers:

  • Dr. Stefan Silvestrini, Executive director of the Centre for Evaluation (CEval)
  • Dr. Gunther Bensch, Leibniz Institute for Economic Research (RWI)
  • Moderated by: Timo Leiter, GIZ Project “M&E Adapt”

You can listen to the webinar recording and download the presentations.


Introduction to Adaptation Made to Measure: A guidebook for results-based Monitoring of Adaptation Projects (26 March 2013)

Adaptation M&E Training

A training course for developing project- and national-level adaptation M&E systems

Structure of the M&E Training

Overview of the M&E modules

Description

This interactive training course (2-3 days) gives participants a systematic introduction to adaptation M&E. They get to know the process of developing adaptation M&E systems and indicators at national and project level. The structure of the training is shown in the illustration below.

The course can be combined with the GIZ/OECD training ‘Integrating climate change adaptation into development planning’ or in a stand-alone format (duration: 2-3 days).

Target Group Project developers and managers, staff of implementing agencies and government representatives
Type of resource Training
Downloads English

GIZ Adaptation M&E Trainer's handbook (2.3 MB)
Trainer's handbook with guidance on how to run the sessions.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Factsheet (2.1 MB)
Factsheet describing the adaptation M&E training course.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Manual (2.2 MB)
Training Manual for Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation; part of the OECD-GIZ Training on Integrating Adaptation into development planning.
GIZ Adaptation M&E Training Slides (.pptx) (17.1 MB)
Slides of the Adaptation M&E Training which is part of the GIZ-OECD Training course on integrating adaptation into development planning. (Updated: 2016)

 

Castellano

GIZ Adaptación de S&E Training Presentación (.pptx) (17.1 MB)
Presentación del curso de entrenamiento de S&E de la adaptación, el cual forma parte del curso de entrenamiento desarrollado en conjunto entre GIZ y OECD, sobre la integración de la adaptación en la planeación del desarrollo. (Versión actualizada: 2016)

 

Adaptation M&E Navigator

A decision support tool for the selection of suitable approaches to monitor and evaluate adaptation to climate change

With increasing implementation of climate change adaptation plans and projects as well as growing national and international funding for adaptation there is an increasing need to understand the results of adaptation actions. Are they achieving their objectives? Are they actually leading to a reduction in vulnerability to climate change?

The Adaptation M&E Navigator helps to select an appropriate approach for monitoring and evaluation of adaptation by providing a list of specific adaptation M&E purposes and matching them to relevant M&E approaches. The Adaptation M&E Navigator highlights key characteristics of each approach and provides links to further guidance materials and examples from practice. The Figure illustrates the process of selecting an M&E approach. Steps two to four describe the application of the Adaptation M&E Navigator. Steps one takes place beforehand and step five afterwards.

Target Group Project developers and managers, staff of implementing agencies and government representatives
Type of resource Decision support tool
Ressource Use the Online Application below or download the publication of the M&E Navigator

Online Application

Steps in selecting an M&E approach for adaptation to climate change.

The blue boxes are part of the Adaptation M&E Navigator whilst the white boxes take place before and after using it. Each steps is briefly described below.

Step 1: Determine why you want to undertake M&E

First, determine why you want to do M&E. For example, do you want to monitor the implementation of an adaptation action on an ongoing basis to inform its management? Or do you want to learn why your adaptation action has achieved its objectives or why it has not? Or are you mainly looking for facts and figures to demonstrate accountability? The specific reason to undertake M&E is important because it determines how an M&E system needs to be designed to adequately address it.

It is likewise very important to consider the target audience for the information generated by the M&E system. Who should use the information? How would they get it? What formats would be used to disseminate the information?

Clarifying the purpose for M&E and the intended users of its information are essential to develop a useful adaptation M&E systems.

Step 2: Identify an applicable M&E purpose from the list below

The Adaptation M&E Navigator includes the most common purposes for adaptation M&E. Choose among the following which one applies to your situation:

Monitoring implementation of adaptation

Assessing adaptation outcomes

3. Assess the associated M&E approaches based on the provided information

Clicking on any of the above listed purposes for M&E will lead you to relevant M&E approaches and their descriptions which include benefits and limitations as well as links to practical examples. This information can be used to assess the relevance of each M&E approach. In addition, each approach is rated on five criteria:

  1. The general purpose of M&E, i.e. management, learning or accountability
  2. The focus of M&E on either implementation or outcomes
  3. How complex the approaches are
  4. How subjective the approaches are
  5. What experience exists in implementing the M&E approach

Each of the five decision criteria are explained in the publication of the M&E Navigator.

4. Select an M&E approach and explore links to further guidance

Each M&E approach is briefly explained in regard to its potential use, its benefits and limitations as well as resources needed to implement it. Assessing this information in light of the M&E context and purpose (steps 1 & 2) will support the selection of a suitable M&E approach.

5. Seek know-how and resources for implementation

Once a decision on a particular M&E approach has been made the Adaptation M&E Navigator provides practical examples and links to further guidance and resources.

Assessing and Monitoring Climate Resilience

An approach to monitor climate resilience at the national level

Description

The discussion paper by GIZ and the United Nations University specifies resilience as consisting of three different capacities: absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacity. Each capacity can be described along five dimensions: social, ecological, economic, physical and institutional. Taken together, this understanding of resilience leads to the climate resilience matrix (capacities times dimensions) which forms the foundation to assess resilience.

The discussion paper suggests two approaches for an assessment: defining (proxy) indicators for each dimension of each capacity or employing household surveys. A list of generic indicators with global data availability is provided, although applications need to be tailored to the needs and objectives of each country.

Target Group Technical advisors and policy makers, implementing agencies and NGOs
Type of resource Conceptual framework, repository of indicators
Downloads
Assessing and Monitoring Climate Resilience (2.6 MB)
Assessing and Monitoring Climate Resilience. Discussion paper.
Valoración y Seguimiento de la Resiliencia Climática (1.8 MB)
Un Documento de Debate. (Spanish Translation of "Assessing and Monitoring climate resilience")

 

Developing national Adaptation M&E systems

A guidebook for the development of (sub)national adaptation M&E systems

Description

This guidebook provides orientation for the development of (sub)national adaptation M&E systems. It takes a step-by-step approach, providing reference to existing approaches and practical examples at each step. The guidebook serves as supplementary material to the UNFCCC NAP Technical Guidelines established by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG).

Target Group Policy-makers and technical advisors involved in the development of (sub)national adaptation M&E systems.
Type of resource Step-by-step guide
Downloads A Guidebook to develop national Adaptation M&E Systems (GIZ & IISD 2015)

Développer des systèmes nationaux de suivi et évaluation de l’adaptation : guide méthodologique (GIZ & IISD 2015)

 

Repository of Adaptation Indicators

Systematic collection of adaptation indicators of national-level adaptation M&E systems

Description

The repository of adaptation indicators is intended to illustrate possible adaptation indicators and their application context, thereby supporting the context – specific formulation of indicators. The repository systematically presents various indicators for four focus areas:

  • climate parameters
  • climate change impacts
  • adaptation actions
  • adaptation results

The examples have been taken from currently proposed national adaptation M&E systems (i.e. they reflect the first generation of indicators). For each indicator, its adaptation relevance, limitations, data needs and sources are described. The repository is meant to illustrate possible indicators – their applicability to other contexts needs to be assessed on a case by case basis. It is an output of the study on ► “Monitoring and Evaluating Adaptation at Aggregated Levels: A comparative analysis of ten systems”. The repository is available as PDF as well as as Excel file. Please note that the Excel file is also embedded in the PDF and can be extracted by opening it and clicking on the attachement symbol in the bar on the left.

Target Group Individuals involved or interested in national adaptation M&E systems
Type of resource Repository of indicators
Downloads
Repository of adaptation indicatots at national level (PDF) - GIZ 2014 (1.6 MB)
Illustrative repository of adaptation indicators including their application context from numerous countries. It includes an identical Excel file as attachement.
Repository of adaptation indicators at national level (Excel) - GIZ 2014 (193.4 KB)
Excel file of the repository (Content identical to the PDF version)
Repositorio de Indicadores de Adaptación - GIZ 2014 (1.6 MB)
Spanish Translation of the Repository of Adaptation Indicators