Examples from application

The implementation of EbA measures can be based on either a certain ecosystem service (e.g. water retention), part of an ecosystem or one or several ecosystems. Each sector, on the other hand, should regard its relevant ecosystem services and the underlying ecosystems.

EbA measures can cover

  1. technical measures (such as mangrove restoration),
  2. policy & governance measures (enhancing cross-sectoral cooperation or multi-stakeholder participation)
  3. capacity development (train authorities in applying mainstreaming tools)
  4. research (create a better understanding on the values of ecosystem services)

In general the type and state of the ecosystem as well as the intended outcome determine the measures to choose. The following table gives an overview of ecosystems, the measures that can be applied and the environmental, adaptation and socio-economic benefits they may achieve.

Ecosystem Examples of EbA Measures Ecosystem services addressed (Environmental Benefits) Climate drivers addressed (Adaptation Benefits) Socio-Economic Benefits
Coast Mangrove (re-) forestation and coastal habitat conservation
  • Erosion prevention & fertility
  • Extreme events buffering
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Food provision
  • Habitats for species
  • Raw material provision
  • Damaging cyclones
  • Storm surge
  • Flooding
  • Sea level rise and coastal erosion
  • Economic diversification and income generation (fisheries, tourism)
  • Maintenance costs reduction
  • Allows maintenance by local communities
  • Increased participation and ownership
  • Supports grey infrastructure maintenance (e.g. dykes)
  • Maintenance/increase of agricultural productivity
  • Health contribution (reduced number of casualties and injuries)

 

Rivers Vegetative erosion control for river banks by using bamboo fences or gabions in combination with strips of grass, bushes or trees are planted along the riverbank.
  • Extreme events buffering
  • Fresh water provision
  • Erosion prevention & fertility
  • Habitats for species
  • Raw material provision

 

  • Flooding
  • Drought
  • Extreme precipitation
  • Maintenance costs reduction
  • Maintenance/increase of agricultural productivity
  • Allows maintenance by local communities
  • Increased participation and ownership
Urban Areas Green spaces such as parks, green belts and eco-corridors in and around cities
  • Climate regulation
  • Extreme events buffering
  • Fresh water provision
  • Habitats for species
  • Aesthetic appreciation and inspiration for culture
  • Recreation
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Extreme precipitation
  • Flooding
  • Warming trend
  • Increased life quality
  • Health contribution
Agro-ecosystems Soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies such as grass-strips on contour, hedges, mulching, filter and diversion dams and plant wind breaks
  • Erosion prevention & fertility maintenance
  • Water provision
  • Food provision
  • Extreme events buffering
  • Raw material provision
  • Maintenance of genetic diversity

 

  • Drought
  • Extreme precipitation
  • Damaging cyclones
  • Warming trend
  • Maintenance/increase of agricultural productivity
  • Increased food security
  • Maintenance costs reduction

 

Forests Close to nature forest management by using a diversity of adapted tree species (e.g. community based forest management)
  • Extreme events buffering
  • Erosion prevention & fertility maintenance
  • Raw material provision
  • Water provision
  • Food provision
  • Carbon Sequestration
  • Maintenance of genetic diversity
  • Climate regulation
  • Habitats for species
  • Medicinal resources provision
  • Recreation
  • Flooding
  • Damaging cyclones
  • Drought
  • Extreme precipitation
  • Warming trend
  • Economic diversification and income generation
  • Maintenance/increase of agricultural productivity
  • Supports or complements expensive grey infrastructure measures (e.g. for preventing landslides)

 

Mountain Alpine ecosystem restoration such as the conservation or sustainable management of grasslands
  • Erosion prevention & fertility maintenance
  • Water provision
  • Food provision
  • Maintenance of genetic diversity
  • Habitats for species
  • Medicinal resources provision
  • Recreation
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Extreme precipitation
  • Flooding
  • Drought
  • Warming trend
  • Economic diversification and income generation (e.g. tourism)
  • Maintenance/increase of agricultural productivity
  • Supports or complements expensive grey infrastructure measures (e.g. for preventing landslides)
  • Health contribution (reduced number of casualties and injuries caused by landslides)

 

 

 

Field-proven and replicable examples from different regions and ecosystems are available under the EbA Solution Portal. This global exchange platform shows that inspiring and replicable solutions can be found everywhere on this planet and that EbA or “green solutions” are the state-of-the-art-reply to climate change impacts and deliver a multitude of benefits for societies, economies and the environment.

 

Further examples from application:

UNFCCC- Adaptation Knowledge Database (including EbA examples )

IUCN (2014): Nature Based Solutions for Human Resilience. A Mapping Analysis of IUCN’s Ecosystem Based Adaptation Projects

K-Link (Search engine with a focus on mountain ecosystems in Central Asia)