Kazakhstan is currently initiating the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, financed by the Green Climate Fund. This will involve sub-national engagement and collaboration between national and sub-national authorities, since the effects of climate change are often experienced on a local scale. This increased risk and uncertainty creates challenges for people’s livelihoods and local development progress. The most effective approach to the NAP process will therefore involve a mix of top-down and bottom-up approaches, recognizing that much of the implementation of adaptation will occur at sub-national levels.
This study aims to identify and analyze potential ways to use existing institutional mechanisms to strengthen sub-national level adaptation planning capacities to ensure the successful implementation of identified adaptation measures. It was developed with support from the NAP Global Network’s Country Support Hub.
Read this report in English and Russian.
This scoping paper by IISD unpacks the latest debates and approaches to defining adaptation and distinguishing it from other development investments. It builds on an in-depth literature review of the ongoing dialogue regarding the distinction between adaptation and development, extensive desk-based research of publicly available frameworks and policies of international adaptation funds and bilateral donors, and interviews with representatives from the Adaptation Fund (AF), the Climate Justice Resilience Fund (CJRF), Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the Green Climate Fund (GCF). It identifies common trends and good practices while also presenting any unanswered or lingering questions.
Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations to providers of support to adaptation, such as Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservations, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), in developing a strategic approach to funding adaptation action in developing countries.
Access the scoping paper here.
Most adaptation actions are local and closely related to development needs, so it is important to develop and use local monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems to capture what is happening on the ground and integrate lessons from this into national and global M&E systems. This new briefing by the International Institute for Environment and Development explores how learning from the local to national level informs planning and reporting from the bottom up, providing stronger evidence for adaptation assessments. Drawing on experience in Mali, Senegal, Morocco and Kenya, it unpacks how effective vertical integration of subnational and national M&E can improve national planning and lead to more robust reporting while saving time and resources by making use of existing data collection mechanisms.
- Learning from robust local-level evidence can improve the contribution climate adaptation interventions make to achieving sustainable development now and into the future.
- Integrating climate adaptation into devolved national planning will lead to more resilient development and help achieve synergies in climate actions delivery. To leave no one behind, we must know what works where, when and for whom.
- Developing bespoke climate adaptation M&E that ensures learning from the local level informs national-level planning and reporting will make national and global assessments more robust.
- Although systemising results from a range of scattered local adaptation actions remains a challenge, combining information across scales can improve planning.
Please read the full policy brief here.
Learn more about how governments will need to think differently about how they monitor and evaluate their adaptation initiatives if they want to keep sustainable development on track in the brief “How integrated monitoring and evaluation systems can help countries address climate impacts” here.
This is the first in a series of briefs by the NAP Global Network and GIZ focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. These represent key national policy processes that can advance climate-resilient development by facilitating systematic consideration of climate change in decision-making. At the country level, national governments are working to operationalize the commitments under these agendas. They are country-led, context-specific policy processes that elaborate how individual governments, in collaboration with civil society and private sector stakeholders, will contribute to achieving the global goals set out in the various agendas. Alignment of these different processes can increase coherence, efficiency and effectiveness towards development outcomes that are resilient and sustainable.
Many countries recognize the value of aligning relevant policy processes; however, they struggle to understand what it looks like in practice and how it can be achieved. This introductory brief aims to increase understanding of the concept of alignment for climate-resilient development at the country level.
Key Messages of this policy brief:
- Alignment of country-level policy processes under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction can help to advance climate-resilient development.
- Alignment can increase coherence, efficiency and effectiveness in country policy processes for improved outcomes.
- At the global level, these agendas share objectives to strengthen resilience, build adaptive capacity and reduce vulnerability to climate change and disasters, creating a strong rationale for alignment.
- The approach to alignment will differ depending on the particular country context.
- Progress on alignment may follow a continuum from informal to systematic.
Read the first overview brief here. Also available as Alignment Brief – French and Alignment Brief – Spanish