New Publication Series: Effective Mobilization and application of Adaptation Finance

Climate Change Adaptation has become a central concern for sustainable development and economic policy, especially in developing countries. At the same time, financing for adaptation constitutes only a small share of the overall global climate finance and by far falls short of projected finance needs.

A new publication series by adelphi about effective mobilization and application of adaptation finance seeks to contribute and advance the adaptation finance debate, support capacity building, and provide practical tools that facilitate implementation on the ground.They explaindifferent roles of the private sector in adaptation, present innovative solutions for financing adaptation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and engage with the challenge of how adaptation finance can be more effectively steered to the local level.


“The Roles of the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation – An Introduction”

While the role and responsibilities of the public sector for supporting adaptation and building resilience have been in focus for a long time, awareness for the need to address and engage the private sector has steadily grown. This introduction shows that companies of any size, private associations and cooperatives, banks and investors as well as insurance companies can play three different roles in and for adaptation. They can adapt to climate change, finance climate adaptation of others and support others through products and services for resilience.

Please find the explainer here.


“Bottom-up Innovation for Adaptation Financing – New Approaches for Financing Adaptation Challenges Developed Through the Practitioners Labs Climate Finance”

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face significant adaptation financing challenges in many developing and emerging economies. This Innovation Brief presents six innovative bottom-up adaptation financing approaches from the SEED Practitioner Labs Climate Finance 2018 in India, Thailand and Uganda, and shares overarching learnings about challenges and solutions. Theapproches include among others microinsurances, financing models for climate-smart irrigation systems as well as information platforms and make use of innovative technologies, digital solutions and blockchain-based approaches.

Please find the brief here.


“Steering International Adaptation Finance Towards the Local Level”

This scoping paper presents several key challenges and potential solutions for channeling money from the international to the local level where it is most needed and likely to have the greatest impact. The analysis sheds light on promising elements of so-called elevator functions (strategies or operating principles that aim to channel funding effectively through vertical administrative levels) in existing financing mechanisms from different sectors that are potentially suitable for adaptation finance. Furthermore, the authors present options and recommendations for adaptation finance practitioners, project managers and experts from donor agencies and multilateral finance institutions in order to improve the steering of adaptation finance to the local level.

Please find the paper here.

New study: Entry Points for Vertical Integration of Climate Action in Kazakhstan in English and Russian

Kazakhstan is currently initiating the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, financed by the Green Climate Fund. This will involve sub-national engagement and collaboration between national and sub-national authorities, since the effects of climate change are often experienced on a local scale. This increased risk and uncertainty creates challenges for people’s livelihoods and local development progress. The most effective approach to the NAP process will therefore involve a mix of top-down and bottom-up approaches, recognizing that much of the implementation of adaptation will occur at sub-national levels.

This study aims to identify and analyze potential ways to use existing institutional mechanisms to strengthen sub-national level adaptation planning capacities to ensure the successful implementation of identified adaptation measures. It was developed with support from the NAP Global Network’s Country Support Hub.

Read this report in English and Russian

New scoping paper: Defining Adaptation – and Distinguishing It From Other Development Investments

This scoping paper by IISD unpacks the latest debates and approaches to defining adaptation and distinguishing it from other development investments. It builds on an in-depth literature review of the ongoing dialogue regarding the distinction between adaptation and development, extensive desk-based research of publicly available frameworks and policies of international adaptation funds and bilateral donors, and interviews with representatives from the Adaptation Fund (AF), the Climate Justice Resilience Fund (CJRF), Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the Green Climate Fund (GCF). It identifies common trends and good practices while also presenting any unanswered or lingering questions.

Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations to providers of support to adaptation, such as Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservations, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), in developing a strategic approach to funding adaptation action in developing countries.

Access the scoping paper here

New policy brief: Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Getting Started on Alignment

This is the second in a series of briefs by the NAP Global Network and GIZ focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The brief explores how the different agendas and policy processes relate to each other and to a country’s national development planning processes. It describes the enabling factors for alignment and discusses how alignment objectives can be defined. Further, the brief outlines key questions that can help to identify entry points for alignment, recognizing that different approaches to alignment may be relevant and feasible in specific contexts and at particular points in time.

Key messages: 

  • As countries establish national commitments to global agendas and outline plans and strategies for climate-resilient development, considerable opportunities exist to pursue alignment of these policy processes.
  • Alignment of country-level policy processes under global agendas can occur within a particular agenda (for example, by aligning processes at different levels) or across agendas, by ensuring that related policy processes are mutually supportive.
  • As the NAP process is iterative and explicitly aims to integrate climate change adaptation in development processes across sectors and levels, it provides important opportunities to advance climate-resilient development, thereby contributing to objectives under multiple agendas.
  • Institutional arrangements, capacity development and information sharing are key enablers for alignment.

The brief is available in english and french

New policy brief: How bottom-up M&E insights can inform national adaptation planning and reporting

Most adaptation actions are local and closely related to development needs, so it is important to develop and use local monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems to capture what is happening on the ground and integrate lessons from this into national and global M&E systems. This new briefing by the International Institute for Environment and Development explores how learning from the local to national level informs planning and reporting from the bottom up, providing stronger evidence for adaptation assessments. Drawing on experience in Mali, Senegal, Morocco and Kenya, it unpacks how effective vertical integration of subnational and national M&E can improve national planning and lead to more robust reporting while saving time and resources by making use of existing data collection mechanisms.

Key messages: 

  • Learning from robust local-level evidence can improve the contribution climate adaptation interventions make to achieving sustainable development now and into the future.
  • Integrating climate adaptation into devolved national planning will lead to more resilient development and help achieve synergies in climate actions delivery. To leave no one behind, we must know what works where, when and for whom.
  • Developing bespoke climate adaptation M&E that ensures learning from the local level informs national-level planning and reporting will make national and global assessments more robust.
  • Although systemising results from a range of scattered local adaptation actions remains a challenge, combining information across scales can improve planning.

Please read the full policy brief here

Learn more about how governments will need to think differently about how they monitor and evaluate their adaptation initiatives if they want to keep sustainable development on track in the brief “How integrated monitoring and evaluation systems can help countries address climate impacts” here.

 

New policy brief: “Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Introduction to Alignment”

This is the first in a series of briefs by the NAP Global Network and GIZ focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. These represent key national policy processes that can advance climate-resilient development by facilitating systematic consideration of climate change in decision-making. At the country level, national governments are working to operationalize the commitments under these agendas. They are country-led, context-specific policy processes that elaborate how individual governments, in collaboration with civil society and private sector stakeholders, will contribute to achieving the global goals set out in the various agendas.  Alignment of these different processes can increase coherence, efficiency and effectiveness towards development outcomes that are resilient and sustainable.

Many countries recognize the value of aligning relevant policy processes; however, they struggle to understand what it looks like in practice and how it can be achieved. This introductory brief aims to increase understanding of the concept of alignment for climate-resilient development at the country level.

Key Messages of this policy brief:

  • Alignment of country-level policy processes under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction can help to advance climate-resilient development.
  • Alignment can increase coherence, efficiency and effectiveness in country policy processes for improved outcomes.
  • At the global level, these agendas share objectives to strengthen resilience, build adaptive capacity and reduce vulnerability to climate change and disasters, creating a strong rationale for alignment.
  • The approach to alignment will differ depending on the particular country context.
  • Progress on alignment may follow a continuum from informal to systematic.

Read the first overview brief here. Also available as Alignment Brief – French and Alignment Brief – Spanish