Under the Paris Agreement, the Parties agreed in 2015 to keep global temperature rise well below 2°C in comparison to pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5°C. In order to achieve this goal, countries must enhance their climate action. The GIZ Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA) has compiled a list of knowledge products on this topic, making it a useful guidance for NDC/NAP implementation.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) countries need to reduce their emissions and phase them out by 2050. For this the adoption of a long-term strategy and mid-term targets are crucial, with NDCs providing a main avenue. Moreover, the Paris Agreement supports a balance of adaptation and mitigation action and established a global goal on adaptation. National Adaptation Planning (NAP) processes are important instruments to integrate adaptation to climate change into sectoral development planning.
Thus, NAP and NDC implementation should be seen as complementary processes following a holistic and integrated approach towards climate action and ambition raising. By working closely together with SPA’s consortium partners (mainly IISD/ NAP/GN, adelphi, iied, but also WWF, UNIQUE, Factor, Ricardo etc.), different experiences and perspectives found their way into the publications.
This Adaptation Briefing aims at providing impulses from this co-creation of knowledge products and stimulating new “inter-silo” and “inter-organizational” discussions on how to further enhance holistic climate action. With each publication being classified to different thematic foci, the compilation intends to give an overview on a wide range of NDC/NAP implementation themes.
Download the publication here.
The webinar ‘Nature-based solutions in the NDCs: Planning to Implementation’ will be held on Thursday, July 2, 2020 9.00 am EDT.
It is hosted by the NDC-Partnership and will talk about nature-based solutions (NBS) as powerful resource for addressing the climate crisis. The challenges, best practices and resources presented in this webinar will help practitioners to successfully integrate NBS into NDCs.
What to expect?
This webinar is designed to help practitioners harmonize the expansion of nature-based solutions with national climate efforts. NBS offer a wide range of climate benefits, including capturing and storing CO2 emissions. NBS can account for more than 30 percent of the greenhouse gas reductions required by the Paris Agreement by 2030, and simultaneously secure food and water resources. The multiple benefits promised by NBS can foster resilience and help to protect biodiversity and ecosystems services.
NBS are already a common feature of national climate plans for most countries (130 of 196). They make up about 5 percent of all NDC implementation requests received by the NDC Partnership. However, there is still a need to encourage countries to expand the scope and nature of nature-based solutions in national climate plans to ensure detailed, and measurable outcomes.
This webinar will feature a discussion that directly addresses these challenges. The discussion will provide country insights from Jordan and Grenada, as well as, perspectives and recommendations from several implementing partners.
This webinar will highlight:
- trends from the NDC Partnership’s nature-based solutions work
- challenges and best practices from countries and implementing partners
- guidance, recommendations, and resources from partners
Featuring speakers from:
- Jordan, Grenada, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
- Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
In 2020, countries have the opportunity to take more ambitious action on climate change by updating their climate plans (Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. A new guidance paper by WWF US provides recommendations on how countries can integrate nature-based solutions in these national climate plans.
Nature-based solutions are ecosystem conservation, management and restoration interventions that address a wide array of societal challenges, while also benefiting biodiversity and human well-being. Recently, they have emerged as essential tools to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build resilience to the impacts of climate change.
This publication aims to help countries enhance climate action by including the opportunities offered by nature-based solutions in their revised NDCs. To this end, it presents eight simple recommendations, followed by an overview of various definitions of nature-based solutions for climate. Text examples from existing NDCs clarify how strong commitments to nature-based solutions could look like. A list of resources provides further guidance.
The focus lies on designing measurable climate change adaptation and/or mitigation outcomes. This enables countries to monitor progress against targets, which is essential to access climate finance. Optimizing benefits for people and nature creates links to other international agendas, such as the Sustainable Development Goals. Anticipating and managing climate risks increases resilience.
Download here: Enhancing National Climate Plans through Nature-Based Solutions
The Paris Agreement frames adaptation in terms of the actions needed to address the impacts of a global warming of 1.5–2°C. As warming is likely to exceed 2° degrees by the middle of the 21st century other adaptation actions will be needed in the long run.
Taking the six adaptation principles of the Paris Agreement (Article 7) and the criteria of relevance, quality, effectiveness and adequacy, IIED has created a framework for developing climate adaptation monitoring, evaluation and learning systems (CAMELS). This can help countries to meet the short-term adaptation obligations while preparing themselves at the same time for higher levels of warming by reviewing critically the existing systems, processes and practices for adaptation and by complementing and replacing them.
Adaptation actions must be linked to specific risks, impacts and needs, avoiding thus ‘maladaptation’ and giving way to more transformational approaches.
The model proposed by IIED (CAMELS) can serve countries therefore as a useful tool for designing and implementing appropriate adaptation responses, tracking their effectiveness and reporting on these activities globally.
Download here: Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation