In 2020, countries have the opportunity to take more ambitious action on climate change by updating their climate plans (Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. A new guidance paper by WWF US provides recommendations on how countries can integrate nature-based solutions in these national climate plans.
Nature-based solutions are ecosystem conservation, management and restoration interventions that address a wide array of societal challenges, while also benefiting biodiversity and human well-being. Recently, they have emerged as essential tools to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build resilience to the impacts of climate change.
This publication aims to help countries enhance climate action by including the opportunities offered by nature-based solutions in their revised NDCs. To this end, it presents eight simple recommendations, followed by an overview of various definitions of nature-based solutions for climate. Text examples from existing NDCs clarify how strong commitments to nature-based solutions could look like. A list of resources provides further guidance.
The focus lies on designing measurable climate change adaptation and/or mitigation outcomes. This enables countries to monitor progress against targets, which is essential to access climate finance. Optimizing benefits for people and nature creates links to other international agendas, such as the Sustainable Development Goals. Anticipating and managing climate risks increases resilience.
Download here: Enhancing National Climate Plans through Nature-Based Solutions
A Wikipedia article on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is now available online. The article was co-authored by members of FEBA’s Wikipedia Working Group, with involvement of the BMU-IKI-funded GIZ Global Project Mainstreaming EbA.
With this article, the Wikipedia Working Group aims to promote EbA understanding among popular and new audiences as well as to present a clear and concise introduction to the subject with external links to further resources.
The entry introduces readers to the topic of EbA within a wider context of international climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation objectives and provides examples of EbA implementation. It further lists challenges and positions EbA within different international key policy frameworks. Finally, you can find further resources and links to knowledge platforms in the article.
The original article developed by FEBA Working Group can be found here.
Climate change is challenging coastal and marine ecosystems. To strengthen capacities among decision-makers, the Blue Solutions Initiative developed four modular training courses – the Blue Training Courses – focusing on climate change adaptation, ecosystem services, conservation finance and marine spatial planning:
- Blue Climate Change and Adaptation (CCA, 3-5 training days) introduces the theory and practical starting points for climate change adaptation in coastal and marine areas. This tailor-made training course enhances capacities among development actors and supporting institutions in successfully taking action on blue climate change adaptation.
- Blue Integrating Ecosystem Services (3-5 training days) focuses on the linkages between ecosystem services and development objectives and conveys the theoretical background of and practical steps for integrating ecosystem services (IES) into marine and coastal planning. It introduces tools and methods for assessing and valuing ecosystem services, main policy options and instruments to capture ecosystem services-related risks and opportunities as well as entry points for decision-making.
- The Blue Conservation Finance course (1-2 days) introduces opportunities and approaches for financing marine conservation, enabling factors for the development of conservation finance mechanisms, and key steps for their establishment. Examples of the implementation of financing mechanisms in the marine and coastal realm are featured in this publication.
- The Blue Planning in Practice (BPiP, 5 training days)
All training materials are opem source and available online. Please see further details here.
A guidebook developed by GIZ in collaboration with Eurac Research and United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) helps planners and practitioners in designing and implementing climate risk assessments in the context of Ecosystem-based Adaptation projects. It provides a standardized approach to assess risks within social-ecological systems based on two application examples (river basin and coastal zone management) by following the methodology of the GIZ vulnerability sourcebook (GIZ 2014) and its Risk Supplement (GIZ and EURAC 2017). It helps to improve adaptation planning by considering both ecosystem-based and conventional options in the form of integrated ‘adaptation packages’.
It includes the following modules:
1) Preparing the risk assessment
2) Developing impact chains
3) Identifying and selecting indicators for risk components
4-7) From data acquisition to risk assessment
8) Presenting and interpreting the outcomes of the risk assessment
9) Identifying adaptation options
The guidebook can be applied at different stages of adaptation planning, from initial baseline assessments to repeated assessments in the implementation or M&E phase.
View the report here
A new series of case studies developed by GIZ in five countries summarize promising policy entry points and governance structures for EbA mainstreaming at policy and practitioner level. Up to five examples for each country illustrate the diversity of initiatives that support the mainstreaming of EbA but also show existing barriers.
The studies include various examples including the following:
1) Mexico: Caribbean Coasts of Mexico – Engaging the private sector in an insurance policy for coral reefs;
2) Philippines: Sustainable Integrated Area Development Strategy linking local land use plans with national plans and programmes;
3) Peru: Recovery of hydrological ecosystem services via restoration of forests and natural mountain grasslands;
4) South Africa: Urban EbA and Disaster Risk Reduction at municipality level;
5) Viet Nam: Afforestation of coastal protection forest in combination with short-term livelihoods development.
The studies also provide further opportunities and recommendations how to strengthen EbA in policy and practice in the long run.
View the reports here: Mexico, Philippines, Peru, South Africa, Viet Nam
Moving from pilots to mainstreaming – opportunities and challenges of scaling up Ecosystem-based Adaptation: As a UNFCCC SB48 side event, the 3rd EbA Knowledge Day brought together UN negotiators, policy makers, practicioners, researchers and donors working on issues relevant to climate adaptation, ecosystem management and human resilience. More than 60 members from 30 different organizations participated in the full day workshop.
After a welcoming address by Lea Herberg from the Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the EbA Knowledge Day featured two Panel Sessions: During panel 1, representatives from CBD, KFW and SDC addressed opportunities and challenges in EbA upscaling from a donor and policy maker perspective. During panel 2, representatives from Practical Action, ICRC, CARE Climate Change, CI Columbia and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in Indonesia covered a country perspective on entry points and stakeholder alliances for strengthening EbA implementation and upscaling.
The EbA Market Place featured poster presentations from GIZ, Rare, DIE and IUCN Environmental Law Centre, and provided a platform for lively exchange among the poster presenters and workshop participants. In the afternoon, four parallel Expert Dialogues allowed for in-depth discussions about the following topics:
- Strengthening EbA through alignment of multiple national policy processes (SDGs, NAPs and NDCs)
- Leveraging EbA and Eco-DRR for a successful upscaling into key sectors (planning & finance, agriculture, water)
- Showcasing EbA implementation to generate public & private funding for EbA, enhancing its upscaling
- Providing and communicating robust data for EbA upscaling within policies and practice
You can find the presentations from the workshop here and a photo documentation of the event here.
The 3rd EbA Knowledge Day was organized by GIZ and IUCN under the Friends of EbA (FEBA) Network.