The Paris Agreement frames adaptation in terms of the actions needed to address the impacts of a global warming of 1.5–2°C. As warming is likely to exceed 2° degrees by the middle of the 21st century other adaptation actions will be needed in the long run.
Taking the six adaptation principles of the Paris Agreement (Article 7) and the criteria of relevance, quality, effectiveness and adequacy, IIED has created a framework for developing climate adaptation monitoring, evaluation and learning systems (CAMELS). This can help countries to meet the short-term adaptation obligations while preparing themselves at the same time for higher levels of warming by reviewing critically the existing systems, processes and practices for adaptation and by complementing and replacing them.
Adaptation actions must be linked to specific risks, impacts and needs, avoiding thus ‘maladaptation’ and giving way to more transformational approaches.
The model proposed by IIED (CAMELS) can serve countries therefore as a useful tool for designing and implementing appropriate adaptation responses, tracking their effectiveness and reporting on these activities globally.
Download here: Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation