Diving into the gap: Gender dimensions of Climate Risk Management
Nov 24, 2020 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
In many countries, significant socio-economic inequalities between men and women still limit or prevent women’s access valuable resources (e.g. education, property, political decision-making, etc.). These gender-discriminatory norms hamper women’s adaptive capacity and put women and girls at a high risk of suffering loss and damage from climate change. Based on current scientific evidence, this study gives insight into the specific areas in which women and girls suffer significantly higher losses and damages than men. Furthermore, it explores how social norms create and exacerbate these vulnerabilities to climate change. By providing project examples and for many different levels of action, it offers practical guidance to create win-win options that enhance gender equality and climate resilience.
Guía para Monitoreo y Evaluación de Intervenciones de Adaptación Basada en Ecosistemas
Nov 21, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
La Guía para Monitoreo y Evaluación de Intervenciones de Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas proporciona una descripción del proceso necesario para diseñar e implementar un Monitoreo y Evaluación (M&E) eficaz de la Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas (AbE). Desglosa este proceso en cuatro pasos claves que le ayudarán a desarrollar y poner en práctica un sistema de M&E para AbE, así como a utilizar y comunicar resultados de M&E de manera eficaz. Lo ideal sería que consultara esta Guía en las etapas iniciales del diseño de una intervención de AbE, ya que ayudará a clarificar la lógica detrás de las medidas, incluyendo su ruta de cambio proyectada. También le permitirá poner en marcha el proceso de M&E antes de implementar actividades, de manera que pueda recopilar información de base y, de ahí en adelante, rastrear parámetros relevantes a intervalos apropiados.
Etude des risques et vulnérabilités liés au changement climatique dans le secteur de la santé au Togo (Rapport final)
Oct 01, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Bien que les effets du changement climatique sur la propagation des maladies à transmission vectorielle, hydrique et infectieuse soient bien établis ailleurs, le Togo ne disposait pas encore d’une évaluation concluante de sa vulnérabilité. En 2019, le ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène publique, avec le soutien du projet ProSanté de la GIZ, a analysé les impacts des risques climatiques sur le risque de paludisme, de méningite et d’infections respiratoires. Avec le soutien du consortium EPOS/adelphi, une étude nationale quantitative et qualitative de neuf mois a été réalisée. La méthodologie de l’évaluation est basée sur •le guide de référence sur la vulnérabilité.
Etude des risques et vulnérabilités liés au changement climatique dans le secteur de la santé au Togo (Note de synthèse)
Oct 01, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Bien que les effets du changement climatique sur la propagation des maladies à transmission vectorielle, hydrique et infectieuse soient bien établis ailleurs, le Togo ne disposait pas encore d’une évaluation concluante de sa vulnérabilité. En 2019, le ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène publique, avec le soutien du projet ProSanté de la GIZ, a analysé les impacts des risques climatiques sur le risque de paludisme, de méningite et d’infections respiratoires. Avec le soutien du consortium EPOS/adelphi, une étude nationale quantitative et qualitative de neuf mois a été réalisée. La méthodologie de l’évaluation est basée sur •le guide de référence sur la vulnérabilité.
Assessment of Climate Change-related Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Health Sector in Togo (Final Report)
Oct 01, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Although the effects of climate change on the spread of vector-borne, water-borne and infectious diseases are well established elsewhere, Togo was yet missing a conclusive vulnerability assessment. In 2019, the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene with support of the GIZ-Project ProSanté analysed the impacts of climate hazards on the risk of malaria, meningitis and acute respiratory infections. With support of a consortium of EPOS/adelphi, a nine month long national quantitative and qualitative study has been carried out. The methodology of the assessment is based on the The Vulnerability Sourcebook and the Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook.
Assessment of Climate Change-related Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Health Sector in Togo (Executive Summary)
Oct 01, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Although the effects of climate change on the spread of vector-borne, water-borne and infectious diseases are well established elsewhere, Togo was yet missing a conclusive vulnerability assessment. In 2019, the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene with support of the GIZ-Project ProSanté analysed the impacts of climate hazards on the risk of malaria, meningitis and acute respiratory infections. With support of a consortium of EPOS/adelphi, a nine month long national quantitative and qualitative study has been carried out. The methodology of the assessment is based on the The Vulnerability Sourcebook and the Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook.
Home Lands: Island and Archipelagic States’ Policymaking for Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change (Executive Summary)
Sep 03, 2020 - Study - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This report provides an overview of how human mobility in the context of climate change (HMCCC) fits into the policy landscape of nine island and archipelagic countries: Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, and St. Lucia in the Eastern Caribbean; Fiji, Kiribati, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu in the South Pacific; and the Philippines in the Western Pacific. All of these nations are heavily affected by climate impacts like sea level rise, ocean acidification, tropical cyclones and hydrological extremes. The report provides insights gained from 94 expert interviews and regional literature reviews and shows the strength of regional approaches for improving migrants’ rights and for increasing climate resilience. The findings are relevant to other island nations that face similar challenges and need to build capacity for future climate-related mobility dynamics. Moreover, they highlight the necessity of building a coherent multilateral framework on HMCCC to accommodate and support people who may have to move in the future. The research for this study was conducted by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in collaboration with local researchers as part of the Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by GIZ. This is the executive summary, the full report is also available in the publication section.
Home Lands: Island and Archipelagic States’ Policymaking for Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change
Sep 03, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This report provides an overview of how human mobility in the context of climate change (HMCCC) fits into the policy landscape of nine island and archipelagic countries: Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, and St. Lucia in the Eastern Caribbean; Fiji, Kiribati, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu in the South Pacific; and the Philippines in the Western Pacific. All of these nations are heavily affected by climate impacts like sea level rise, ocean acidification, tropical cyclones and hydrological extremes. The report provides insights gained from 94 expert interviews and regional literature reviews and shows the strength of regional approaches for improving migrants’ rights and for increasing climate resilience. The findings are relevant to other island nations that face similar challenges and need to build capacity for future climate-related mobility dynamics. Moreover, they highlight the necessity of building a coherent multilateral framework on HMCCC to accommodate and support people who may have to move in the future. The research for this study was conducted by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in collaboration with local Researchers as part of the Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by GIZ.
Documentation of the 6th EbA Knowledge Day, June 8 2020 – virtual event
Sep 01, 2020 - Workshop report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
The 6th EbA Knowledge Day – organized by GIZ and IUCN under the Friends of EbA (FEBA) network – took place on June 8th and was themed “Maximizing the potential of EbA: bridging the gap between climate change and biodiversity agendas.” A welcome by BMU IKI, high level remarks by ministers, a panel discussion and interactive sessions showcasing practical examples made the event diversified and insightful for its participants. Held as an online event for the first time, more than 180 participants from 42 countries and 65 organizations used the opportunity to exchange ideas and experiences in a virtual conference space. The day included several interactive features and sessions.
Climate Change Impacts on Human (Im-) Mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Recent Trends and Options for Policy Responses.
Jul 30, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This study examines the negative effects of climate change and how they relate to human mobility in designated countries located in East, West and Southern Africa. It outlines the risks on the livelihood faced by many Africans because of increasingly unpredictable weather events that complicate access to primary necessities while deteriorating health infrastructures and slowing down economic growth. Through the lenses of three major climate change impacts – namely: droughts, water scarcity and rainfall variability – it argues that environmental change risks to increase (forced) migration and the number of trapped populations unable to migrate. It concludes with a set of recommendations on how regional policymakers can best deal with future migration movements.
Adaptation Briefing: Knowledge Products on Enhancing Climate Actions
Jul 20, 2020 - Briefing - Topic: NDC & NAP
This Adaptation Briefing presents a compilation of selected knowledge products that have been funded by the GIZ “Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA)”. The SPA project strengthens several global initiatives and networks co-founded or financially supported by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) that enhance partner countries’ capacities to successfully implement their climate policies, reduce greenhouse gases, increase their adaptive capacities as well as communicate this transparently. The Adaptation Briefings series has been launched under the SPA adaptation component. However, the publications presented in this issue follow a holistic and integrated view on NDC/NAP implementation and ambition raising. An inherent feature of holistic approaches to the climate crisis is that they cover a multitude of aspects. The different labels of each publication help to give orientation on its main focus.
Climate Change and Labor in Sub-Saharan Africa
May 22, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Climate change is directly and indirectly imposing adverse effects on labor productivity, employment, and labor mobility worldwide. It directly affects labor productivity through heat-stress, expansion of malaria and other weather-sensitive diseases. Indirectly, it impinges on employment through its effects on economic and ecosystem functions. The magnitude of such effects on labor are non-linear across the world. In particular, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) stands out in terms of both direct and indirect effects of climate change on labor due to various reasons. This report reviews the interlinkages between climate change and labor with a special focus on the SSA region. The first objective is to synthesize how climate change would impact labor productivity, employment and migration both directly and indirectly. The second objective is to highlight how policy responses would contribute to maintain employment in the face of climate change.
Climate Risk Management for infrastructure as part of the NAP in Costa Rica
May 18, 2020 - Overview document - Topic: NAP & NDC
For the transition into a carbon-neutral economy Costa Rica launched in July 2018 an ambitious NAP towards a resilient and decarbonized development with a transformative vision. The fact that 34% of the hydrometeorological losses were related to the infrastructure sector, shed a light on the vulnerability to climate extreme events of this sector. Hence, climate risk management (CRM) for infrastructure has been mainstreamed into the NAP throughout two complementary axes. The first axis, knowledge management for climate change impact, climate services and development of local capacities will provide information and abilities and hence is a condition for the second axis, resilient climate services and infrastructure. Within the first axis, the open data policy poses a unique opportunity for the provision of climate services alike the development of a universal and public knowledge platform for streamlining information. In addition, more useful and usable climate studies, report and analysis would allow for more comprehensive and accurate losses and damages evaluations, future climate scenarios and cost-benefit evaluations of adaptation measurements. A vulnerability assessment protocol based on the pilot climate risk assessment of the Guardia Bridge will be status-quo for ensuring climate-resilient infrastructure by which losses and damages to hydrometeorological events shall be reduced. The following presentation developed by the Directorate of Climate Change in Costa Rica (DCC) provides an overview of the guidelines included in the NAP with regard to CRM for infrastructure.
Factsheet BMZ Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change
May 14, 2020 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This factsheet provides insights into the different forms of human mobility – migration, displacement and planned relocation – and its multiple drivers that result in a person´s decision to migrate or stay in the face of extreme weather events and gradual changes in the environment. It presents how GIZ´s Global Programme “Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change” (GP HMCCC) improves applied knowledge on climate-induced migration and how it supports national and regional partners, non-governmental organisations and universities to discuss and deal with the resulting challenges in its project regions.
Guidance for Applying the Conservation Standards to Ecosystem-based Adaptation
May 13, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
This guidance builds on the already widely used Conservation Measures Partnership’s Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation (Conservation Standards). The Conservation Standards, first developed in 2004, represent the leading adaptive management framework in the field of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management. Thousands of conservation practitioners around the globe have used them to plan, manage, monitor, adapt and learn from their projects and programs. The Conservation Standards provide a user-friendly, evidence-based, and consistent approach that, when applied to EbA, can help your teams to identify priority ecosystems, assess conventional (non-climate) and climate-related threats, and determine the most appropriate interventions. The Guidebook is a product of collaboration between the Central Asian project team of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH working on EbA and the Climate Guidance Working Group of the Conservation Measures Partnership (CMP).
Monitoring and evaluation of adaptation – an introduction (Adaptation Briefings)
May 12, 2020 - Learning Brief - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
This paper is the third of the Adaptation Briefing series under the NDC Support Cluster, which aims to provide concise and easy to digest information on key topics, relevant for projects working on climate change adaptation. The Briefings – besides short thematic introductions – offer well-selected references, which provide a rich source of further knowledge and information on practical solutions and can help projects navigate adaptation processes in their respective countries. This briefing guides its reader through the complex subject of Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) of Adaptation. It gives an overview about the benefits of investing in MEL and provides current challenges. It explains what you need to know about the debate on M&E and transparency under the Paris Agreement and Katowice and offers a rich list of further literature and practical solutions.
Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
An infrastructure-oriented climate risk assessment was piloted for the planned Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate system project in the Mekong Delta– an infrastructure investment by the Government of Vietnam with an estimated budget of USD 145 million, starting from 2018 until 2021 with a significant function to prevent salt water intrusion, especially with regards to higher probabilities of severe droughts. An assessment team of Vietnamese hydro-meteorologist, climatologist, water infrastructure engineers and planners, and civil experts was formed to conduct a climate risk assessment according to the PIEVC Protocol (Public Infrastructure and Engineering Vulnerability Committee). One of the most useful tool of the methodology is the risk matrix. By calculating the probability and severity of each climate parameter on each infrastructure component, decision-makers are more prone to weighted potential adaptation measures. The study results proved that the PIEVC Protocol has a high potential to be applied for climate risk assessments of infrastructures (both planned projects and existing infrastructure) in Viet Nam. With enhanced capacities, the climate risk assessment can serve as a nationwide decision support tool for the infrastructure investors and planners in Viet Nam.
A recipe for the service of climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Resources, capital and capacities are required for the assessment of climate risk, however the availability, quantity and expenses are beforehand unknown for decision-makers. How many people would need to be hired? What level of expertise is required? How long will it take? How much is it going to cost? The lack of answers to these questions limit or delay the decision by project owners or investment planners whether or not to conduct a climate risk assessment for their infrastructure investments. To facilitate and streamline the replica of the Cai Lon-Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment in Vietnam, this document provides a detail description of the kind of services needed. Based on the structure of a typical recipe, the provided services are divided in three components; procedure, quantity and costs. To illustrate the application of the proposed recipe as well as highlight the relevant inputs under different circumstances, three scenarios with variations on users ( public or privat) and planning stages ( feasibility and after construction) were showcased. All in all, this document aims to streamline the decision-making process and facilitate the cost-benefits analysis by making available a tool which helps weight alternatives.
Guidebook for Monitoring and Evaluating EbA
Apr 22, 2020 - Guide - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
This is a practical guide for planners and practitioners to better understand the outcomes and impacts of on-the-ground Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) projects, working with and enhancing nature to reduce the negative impacts of climate change on people. The Guidebook describes key considerations and components for each step of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of EbA projects and points to additional tools and methodologies that can be used in specific circumstances. The Guidebook should be consulted in the early stages of designing an EbA intervention, but it can also be used if an intervention has already begun to help make improvements. The Guidebook is a joint publication by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and Friends of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (FEBA) under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The Guidebook was funded by the Global Project Mainstreaming EbA, implemented by GIZ on behalf of BMU IKI.
Brief for policy makers based on the study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework”
Apr 21, 2020 - Policy Brief - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The brief for policy makers has been developed based on information and findings of the study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change adaptation and disaster risk reduction” which was prepared by OECD for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Further information can be found in the full report.
Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction
Apr 21, 2020 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change adaptation and disaster risk reduction” examines challenges and potentials for a coherent implementation of climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) across levels of government and sectors. Based on the country case studies of Ghana, Peru and the Philippines, the study provides actionable ways forward for increased coherence of the CCA and DRR agendas targeted at policy makers in developing countries and emerging economies as well as development cooperation actors. The study was commissioned to the OECD and conducted in close cooperation with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It serves as a contribution to the G20 Adaptation Work Program by Germany/BMZ in line with the G20 priorities of the Japanese Presidency.
Climate risk assessment on infrastructure: A report about the bridge over the Tempisque river in Guardia, Costa Rica
Apr 17, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Due to its geographical location, Costa Rica´s infrastructure is vulnerable to hydro-meteorological extreme events which will increase as a result of climate change. These events cause billions of losses in infrastructure, of which more than a half are related to the road infrastructure sector such as the destruction of roads, bridges and sewer systems. To analyse the exposure and hazard to climate-related events, the implementation of climate risk assessments on infrastructure is crucial. To that extend, the bridge over the Tempsique river in Guardia was chosen to pilot a climate risk assessment based on the PIEVC methodology. Throughout the assessment, the current vulnerability of the bridge´s components were analysed as well as the impact of current and future hydro-meteorological events were estimated. In a nutshell, the report provides decision-makers with necessary information to adopt adaptation measurements towards the maintenance and operation of a climate-resilient bridge. Of equal importance is the development of capacities among as well as the mainstream of the approach. Lastly, the assessment has incentivised to develop of a climate risk assessment tool tailor-made to the Costa Rican context.
Overview of Fiji’s Response to International Frameworks on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change
Apr 09, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The report shows that the pressure on human settlements in the Pacific Islands is likely to increase significantly in the coming years with the increase of global warming and environmental changes that pose risks to human health, livelihoods, food security and economic growth, and will likely result in the forced relocation and displacement of Pacific Island people. This document provides an overview of how Fiji, a Pacific Island country affected by climate change, has responded nationally to international and regional frameworks and guidelines on adaptation and human mobility in the context of climate change. It covers, inter alia, how Fiji developed its Planned Relocation Guidelines – A framework to undertake climate change related relocation, the first to ever be developed in the Pacific Islands.
Scoping Paper: Climate Change, Human Mobility and Climate Risk Insurance Tools
Apr 09, 2020 - Scoping Paper - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This scoping paper, produced by the BMZ-funded GIZ Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change in collaboration with the InsuResilience Global Partnership, deals with the relationship between climate change and human mobility and the potential role of climate risk insurance tools (CRI tools) as an influencing factor on human mobility. Unfortunately, there is not yet empirical evidence on how CRI tools affect migration and displacement and how CRI tools may inhibit or facilitate mobility. The theoretical discussion suggests, though, that CRI tools may contribute to reducing risks associated with displacement by stabilising or creating conditions that allow people to make free decisions on leaving or staying. Furthermore, the paper provides several recommendations for policy and practice.
GIZ Factsheet: Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change – Migration, Displacement and Planned Relocation in the Eastern Caribbean, the Pacific and the Philippines
Apr 09, 2020 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This factsheet provides an introduction to the topic of HMCCC and gives an overview of relevant international policy frameworks. It looks at the partner regions and activities of the Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change (GP HMCCC), implemented by GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The programme is working to support its partners in addressing and better understanding the complex, multi-causal interrelations between different forms of human mobility and climate change and their reciprocal effects, especially in small atoll and island states in the Pacific and Caribbean regions and in the Philippines. In collaboration with national and regional partners, non-governmental organisations and universities, the GP HMCCC promotes exchange between all the actors involved. It aims at improving applied knowledge relating to the sustainable management of human mobility in the context of climate change in its partner regions.
Planned Relocation Guidelines – A Framework to Undertake Climate Change Related Relocation
Apr 09, 2020 - Guidelines - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The effects of climate change are already being felt in Fiji. Rising of seas continue to erode shorelines and encroach on coastal communities, and tropical cyclones are causing damage. The Fijian Government has recognized that, as a last resort, some communities, structures and infrastructure will have to be permanently relocated as the only way to avoid tragedy, save lives, protect livelihoods and prevent social disruption. With the support of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Fiji has developed the Planned Relocation Guidelines to assist and guide relocation efforts at the local level. By doing so, it is one of the first nation states to develop a national framework that guides the relocation process.
Displacement Guidelines – In the Context of Climate Change and Disasters
Apr 09, 2020 - Guidelines - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The Fijian Government, with support from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), has developed Fiji’s Displacement Guidelines. The Displacement Guidelines aim to reduce the vulnerabilities associated with displacement and consider durable solutions to prevent and minimise the drivers of displacement in affected communities in Fiji. Recognising that the displacement of people related to climate change and disasters is primarily not a state-led process, and concurrently acknowledging both the rising risk and trend of displaced persons in the context of climate change and disasters on the territory of Fiji, this document provides guidance for the Fijian Government and other non-state stakeholders present in Fiji to address and reduce vulnerabilities associated with displacement. It also provides guidance for considering sustainable solutions to prevent and minimise the drivers of displacement in the affected communities in relation to climate change and disaster-associated events occurring on the territory of Fiji.
Human Mobility, Climate Change and Gender: Compendium of Best Practices, Lessons Learnt and Tools for Pacific Practitioners
Apr 09, 2020 - Manual - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This compendium on Human Mobility, Climate Change and Gender provides best practices, lessons learned and tools for Pacific practitioners and was developed as an additional module of the Pacific Gender & Climate Change Toolkit for Practitioners. It includes gender-related issues of human mobility in the context of climate change in the Pacific context, and intends to support climate change practitioners working in national governments, non-governmental organisations and regional or international organisations to integrate gender into all aspects of policy, programming and project work. The document was prepared with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), through GIZ’s Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change (GP HMCCC). The case studies from Kiribati, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Fiji include best practices and lessons learned and cover the gender dimension of migration, displacement and planned relocation.
Enhancing National Climate Plans through Nature-Based Solutions
Apr 02, 2020 - Report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Nature-based solutions are ecosystem conservation, management and restoration interventions that address climate change, while also benefiting biodiversity and human well-being. They are essential tools to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build resilience to the impacts of climate change. In the framework of a SPA grant agreement, WWF US developed eight simple recommendations for countries to include nature-based solutions in their climate plans (NDCs) and thereby show their commitment to take ambitious climate action.
Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning for Paris, the SDGs and Beyond
Feb 21, 2020 - Manual - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
The Paris Agreement frames adaptation in terms of the actions needed to address the impacts of a global warming of 1.5–2°C. However, current trends suggest that warming is likely to exceed 2° degrees by the middle of the 21st century, which makes incremental approaches beyond 2030 necessary. Taking the six adaptation principles of the Paris Agreement (Article 7) and the criteria of relevance, quality, effectiveness and adequacy, IIED has created a framework for developing climate adaptation monitoring, evaluation and learning systems (CAMELS). This can help countries to meet the short-term adaptation obligations while preparing themselves at the same time for higher levels of warming by reviewing critically the existing systems, processes and practices for adaptation action and by complementing and replacing them.
Comic: Juntos nos adaptamos en nuestro ecosistema urbano
Feb 11, 2020 - Comic - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Esta historieta sensibiliza de una manera lúdica las acciones de asistencia técnica en el contexto de una clima cambiante en ecosistemas urbanos utilizando el enfoque SbN. El grupo de trabajo “Ciudades: verdes, resilientes y digitales” de la Red Sectorial de Gestión Ambiental y Desarrollo Rural de América Latina y el Caribe (GADeRALC) conformado por programas de asistencia técnica de GIZ y en coordinación con la Oficina Regional para América del Sur de la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (UICN) y de la Asociación de Profesionales de Gestión de Riesgos de Ecuador desarrolló esta guía para fortalecer el intercambio de experiencias en la implementación de medidas bajo el paraguas de Soluciones-basadas en la Naturaleza (SbN).
‘Climate Risk Assessment for Ecosystem-based Adaptation – a guidebook for planners and practitioners’ in Russian
Feb 07, 2020 - Manual - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The EbA Climate Risk Assessment Guidebook is now also available in Russian! The guidebook, developed by GIZ in collaboration with Eurac Research and United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), helps planners and practitioners in designing and implementing climate risk assessments in the context of Ecosystem-based Adaptation projects. It provides a standardized approach to assess risks within social-ecological systems based on two application examples (river basin and coastal zone management) by following the methodology of the GIZ vulnerability sourcebook (GIZ 2014) and its Risk Supplement (GIZ and EURAC 2017). It helps to improve adaptation planning by considering both ecosystem-based and conventional options in the form of integrated ‘adaptation packages’. It includes the following modules: 1) Preparing the risk assessment 2) Developing impact chains 3) Identifying and selecting indicators for risk components 4-7) From data acquisition to risk assessment 8) Presenting and interpreting the outcomes of the risk assessment 9) Identifying adaptation options The guidebook can be applied at different stages of adaptation planning, from initial baseline assessments to repeated assessments in the implementation or M&E phase.
Visioning Futures: Improving Infrastructure Planning to Harness Nature’s Benefits in a Warming World
Feb 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
While considerable progress is being made toward more low carbon, resilient infrastructure development, there are still major gaps in current planning approaches to be addressed to make progress against multiple goals in critical global agreements on climate, biodiversity, and sustainable development. Natural capital and ecosystem services continue to be undervalued and poorly understood, especially the benefits they provide in supporting resilience for people and infrastructure in a rapidly warming world. This WWF report, with support from GIZ, outlines a new planning approach integrating considerations of natural capital and ecosystem services, climate risks and resilience, and sustainable development needs to support social-ecological system scale planning. It provides key recommendations for global and local institutions influential in infrastructure development, from multilateral development banks and other funders to NGOs and the private sector, to address these gaps and facilitate an improved planning approach.
A New Narrative of Resilient and Climate Smart Societies – Aligning Adaptation, Mitigation and the SDGs
Jan 03, 2020 - Policy Brief - Topic: Alignment
This strategy paper refines the findings made in the policy brief “Exploration of Adaptation-Mitigation Synergies”. There, the authors explained the necessity to link Adaptation and Mitigation for holistic climate action and resilience building with the help of the “Resilience Gap Model”. As a further development, this new paper introduced the “Adapted Resilience Gap Model”, which is meant to provide a conceptual point of departure for policymakers and stakeholders to contemplate on where and how climate action and sustainable development can be complementary or even synergistic. Regional action, innovative ideas and decentralized solutions are components of a new narrative, which calls for a rethinking of how climate action can become a proactively integrated part of an increasingly holistic multi-benefit development agenda. Negotiators, funding bodies, ministries and multilaterals, as well as practitioners and project developers want to understand how to align better their key objectives. This paper considers recent analysis of related top-down approaches (Adaptation Committee, 2019) and combines those with a complementary review of theory arising from practical experiences. It is the objective of this undertaking to project these ideas into the ecosystems of impactful sectors (energy, land use, etc.), to stipulate a theory of change, as well as the tools, that can strengthen change agents to drive a lasting paradigm shift
Lead the Change – Systemic leadership for NDC implementation and raising ambition
Dec 19, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: NAP & NDC
With the 2020 NDC updates around the corner, countries need to increase the rate of system innovation enabled by NDC implementation and raising ambition. The Global NDC Conference 2019 aimed to inspire and enable policy makers and practitioners to accelerate the pace and scale of transformational change – via NDC implementation – to reach the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. Given the scale of the climate crisis and the NDC implementation challenges, the conference recognized the importance of systemic leadership by individuals, organisations and countries in responding effectively. This working paper is a first attempt to pull together current and emerging insights and raise awareness among climate practitioners and policy makers of the importance of systemic leadership as an approach for enhanced NDC implementation. It gives an introduction into systemic leadership and how it can help in NDC implementation. Moreover, the paper provides you with first steps on how a systemic approach can be implemented right away. Especially officers in funding and implementing agencies, but also decision makers in partner countries are addressed.
Working together for climate resilience – Challenges and success factors for collaboration between technical and financial partners in development cooperation
Dec 17, 2019 - Working Paper - Topic: Climate Resilience
Development as such is already complex. Development in line with all or most of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris Agreement, Nationally DeterminedContributions (NDCs), National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and country- or sector-specific objectives and frameworks is immensely challenging. International technical and financial cooperation can support countries and subnational entities such as cities, states and provinces, in developing capacities andaccessing finance for development. The results of such cooperation are likely to be best if organisations work hand in hand to ensure effective and efficient use of available resources. However, actors in development cooperation often have heterogeneous andsometimes competing strategic perspectives, institutional set-ups and aid instruments, translating into high management costs for recipient governments. Acknowledging previous and on-going discussions on aid effectiveness, this working paper seeks to shed light on challenges and entry points for practical collaborationbetween technical and financial development partners in projects on the ground.
Evaluación de impactos de la Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas en Miraflores, Perú
Dec 11, 2019 - Working Paper - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
Las medidas de Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas (AbE) están recibiendo una atención cada vez mayor como soluciones rentables para adaptarse al cambio climático. Aun así, más evidencia e igualmente metodologías se necesitan para evaluar y monitorear la eficacia de la AbE. Esta visión general de la investigación resume los mensajes clave obtenidos de un estudio de caso sobre AbE en los Andes peruanos durante el proyecto AbE Montaña en Miraflores, que tenía como objetivo mejorar la gestión de los recursos naturales en los pastos y humedales locales de montaña con un enfoque en organización comunitaria. La autora muestra cómo se pueden utilizar varios indicadores y marcos de monitoreo para mostrar la eficacia de AbE. Con la ayuda de registros de datos, incluyendo la capacidad de transporte de pastos, un índice de vegetación, percepciones de la organización comunitaria y el conocimiento, la investigación sugiere herramientas conceptuales e indicadores para medir el progreso de la AbE. Por último, las recomendaciones piden que se evalúe el enfoque para fortalecer las acciones costo – efectivas e incorporar las medidas de AbE en las políticas nacionales y globales.
Supplementary Factsheet – Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Risk Management
This factsheet is supplement to the “Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector” which was prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The factsheet presents the approach and method used in the climate risk study. It lays out the key analysis steps of the study, explaining the different methods, models and data used. Further information can be found in the full climate risk study as well as in the supplementary material to the study.
Executive Summary – Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Executive Summary - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The executive summary has been developed based on information and findings of the “Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector” which was prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Further information can be found in the full climate risk analysis as well as in the supplementary material to it.
Climate Risk Profile: Ghana
Dec 10, 2019 - Technical paper - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The climate risk country profile for Ghana was jointly developed by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, and the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The profile is part of the project “Climate risk analyses for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Sub-Sahara Africa” (AGRICA). It provides a snapshot of projected climate parameters and related impacts on key sectors in Ghana until 2080 under different climate change scenarios. Thereby, it builds on state-of-the-art modelling of the latest climate data and makes main findings accessible to non-experts and decision-makers through easy-to-read graphs and texts. The profile’s cross-sectoral approach and long time frame shall serve climate mainstreaming and inform adaptation planning processes, such as NAP and NDC. In doing so, it provides valuable input for enhancing the climate resilience of development cooperation portfolios and for making provided support “climate secure”.
Climate Risk Analysis for Identifying and Weighing Adaptation Strategies in Ghana’s Agricultural Sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
With climate change impacts increasingly affecting people’s livelihoods and dampening economic growth perspectives, effective adaptation is essential to ensure that already achieved development gains are not endangered. However, often only limited information is available on climate change impacts, especially in the long-term, as well as on the costs and benefits of concrete adaptation options. As part of the project “Climate risk analyses for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in sub-Saharan Africa (AGRICA)”, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), undertook in cooperation with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) an in-depth climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector. The study focuses on evolving trends for temperature and precipitation, future water availability and the country’s suitability to grow crops. The study’s projections go up to 2090, offering opportunities not only to look into short-term trends (2030), but also to take into account -with great precision- medium (2050) and long-term climate change impacts. In addition, the study undertakes a cost-benefit analysis of selected adaptation options on which basis “business cases” for adaptation can be identified.
Climate change and small-scale fisheries
Dec 04, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The fisheries sector contributes significantly to income and food security for hundreds of millions of people, particularly in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and coastal Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Climate change presents key challenges for small-scale fisheries and mariculture and is projected to have significant impacts on the lives and livelihoods of people dependent on this sector. The precise magnitude of future impacts of climate change on fisheries – in particular small-scale fisheries – are still poorly understood, since they involve numerous interactions with fragile and complex ecosystems that are often already affected by other stressors such as overfishing or pollution
Impact assessment of EbA in Miraflores, Peru
Nov 13, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EbA) measures are receiving growing attention as cost effective solutions to adapt to climate change. Nevertheless, many gaps in the evidence base persist and methodologies are needed to evaluate and monitor EbA effectiveness. This research overview summarises key messages obtained from a case study about EbA in the Peruvian Andes during the Mountain EbA project in Miraflores, which aimed to improve natural resource management in local mountain pastures and wetlands with a focus on community organization. The author shows, how various indicators and monitoring frameworks can be used to display EbA effectiveness. With help of data sets, including pasture carrying capacity, a vegetation index, perceptions of community organisation and knowledge, the research suggests conceptual tools and indicators to measure EbA progress. Finally, key recommendations urge for more comprehensive EbA monitoring and evaluation schemes to help strengthen the evidence base for EbA; and mainstream EbA solutions into national and global policies.
Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Insurance: Success, Challenges and Opportunities
Nov 07, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Both Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) and Climate Risk Finance & Insurance (CRFI) can be used to enhance adaptation, reduce and transfer risk, and build resilience to the growing impacts from natural and human-made hazards. There is a nascent and growing interest in where these strategies may intersect and be mutually beneficial for adaptation. The substantive engagement between the insurance and environmental sectors is relatively new. Thus, it is hardly surprising that few fully integrated Climate Risk Finance & Insurance and EbA products (e.g. reef insurance in Mexico, p. 24) currently exist, and that such solutions face some challenges. That said, there are many common interests and significant opportunities which could help improve integration of CRFI with EbA and more broadly Nature-based Solutions. These can lead to innovations beneficial to both sectors and, most importantly, to improved resilience outcomes for vulnerable people and for nature. The GIZ joint publication by the Global Project Mainstreaming EbA, the InsuResilience Secretariat and ACRI+ is available now; Authors: UC Santa Cruz, The Nature Conservancy, Social Impact Partners.
Financing adaptation to climate change – an introduction (Adaptation Briefings)
Oct 21, 2019 - Learning Brief - Topic: Adaptation Finance
This paper is the second of the Adaptation Briefing series under the NDC Support Cluster, which aims to provide concise and easy to digest information on key topics, relevant for projects working on climate change adaptation. The Briefings – besides short thematic introductions – offer well-selected references, which provide a rich source of further knowledge and information on practical solutions and can help projects navigate adaptation processes in their respective countries. This briefing guides its reader through the complex subject of Adaptation Finance. It gives an overview about the state of play and landscape of financing adaptation. Furthermore, it provides the need-to-know´s about the current debate and sources of information and practical solutions.
Long-term Strategies in a Changing Climate
Oct 15, 2019 - Study - Topic: NAP & NDC
The Paris Agreement called on all Parties to ‘formulate and communicate long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS)’, which typically extend out to the year 2050. Moreover, the Parties agreed a global goal for adaptation and this raises the question of how to integrate adaptation goals into LT-LEDS and how to assure that they are climate resilient. This research review investigates and stimulates discussion on the technical and political economy issues with long-term mitigation and adaptation planning. It looks at the potential linkages between mitigation and adaptation in national and sector policy and planning and identifies priority areas for integration. Doing a review of LT-LEDS and National Adaptation Plans the authors showcase barriers and entry points for integration. It summarizes the findings and sets out some initial recommendations and future priorities.
Case Studies on Integrating Ecosystem Services and Climate Resilience in Infrastructure Development: Lessons for Advocacy
Oct 14, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
With support from GIZ, WWF and Arup conducted a review of innovative practices across several regions of the world that integrate both ecosystem services and climate change projections in planning and design. With 60% of the land expected to be urbanized by 2030 yet to be built, alongside an estimated 25 million km of new roads by 2050, there is urgent need to identify and replicate practices that preserve ecosystem services, enhance climate resilience and mitigate the expected effects of climate change. Reviewing more than 90 cases of infrastructure planning or design, this report presents three brief case studies in developing economies to highlight recent advancements in such integrated approaches: the Mexico water supply system, the LAPPSET development corridor and Lamu port in coastal Kenya, and the Shenzen sea wall. It also highlights a number of innovative examples in the US and UK as examples to learn from to inform improved infrastructure planning moving forward.
Navigateur d’outils de l’Adaptation fondée sur les Écosystèmes
Oct 07, 2019 - Catalogue - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Navegador de herramientas de Adaptación basada en los Ecosistemas
Oct 07, 2019 - Catalogue - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
EbA tools navigator in English, Spanish and French
Oct 07, 2019 - Catalogue - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Although there are hundreds of tools and methodologies available to support the integration of EbA into adaptation strategies, information on these tools is not always easily accessible to those who need it. Together, IIED, IUCN, UNEP-WCMC and GIZ have developed the EbA Tools Navigator to help practitioners and policymakers identify the most appropriate tools for including EbA into their climate adaptation plans. This searchable database currently includes information on more than 240 tools and methods for planning, implementing and monitoring EbA activities. The Navigator has now been released in its final form, and the developers are encouraging EbA practitioners and planners to use it for their own work. Users are also welcome to share information on tools not yet listed and on their experiences using tools to support EbA. You can find the navigator in Spanish and French in the AC.net publications-list above. To read more about the navigator, go to the following link: https://www.iied.org/tools-for-ecosystem-based-adaptation-new-navigator-now-available.
Exploration of Adaptation – Mitigation Synergies
Oct 07, 2019 - Catalogue - Topic: Linking Mitigation Adaptation
This overview brief explains mitigation and adaptation linkages by applying the Resilience Gap Model. The energy sector of Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS) has been chosen as an example to study the practical applicability of the model’s assumptions and predictions of the theoretical model, such as adaptation and mitigation action represent two sides of the same coin when climate action is aimed at resilience building. Regional action, innovative ideas and decentralized solutions are components of a new narrative, which calls for a rethinking of how climate action can be more holistic, effective, inclusive and more ambitious. It is the objective of this brief to project these ideas into the ecosystems of impactful sectors (energy, land use, etc.), and to engage local change agents in finding lasting solutions.
A Comunidade Internacional de Boas Práticas em AbE
Sep 25, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
A Comunidade Internacional de Boas Práticas em Adaptação baseada em Ecossistemas (AbE) visa o compartilhamento de conhecimentos, experiências e aprendizagem para além de projetos, instituições e limites regionais em AbE. O objetivo é desenvolver, em conjunto, abordagens, lições aprendidas baseadas em evidências e melhores práticas para planejar e implementar medidas efetivas de AbE, para ajudar as pessoas a se adaptarem aos efeitos adversos da mudança do clima por meio de um processo colaborativo de aprendizado.
Insurance For Climate Adaptation: Opportunities And Limitations
Sep 19, 2019 - Technical paper - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Informing the Global Commission on Adaptation’s flagship report for the UN Cimate Action Summit, a new report has been published on “Insurance for Climate Adaptation: Opportunities And Limitations”. Its content elaborates on climate and disaster risk insurance, its role, its making and recommendations.
Guidance Note For Planning, Contracting And Effective Backstopping Of A Climate Risk And Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) [French Version]
Sep 18, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The aim of this guidance note is to support GIZ staff in planning, tendering and backstopping a Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA). Why do experts overseeing CRVA need (yet) another guidance? Project staff overseeing CRVA might need additional guidance because the task is relatively complex and involves several actors and stakeholders. The recommendations, tips and tricks given in this guidance are mainly referring to the approach for a CRVA presented by the GIZ Vulnerability Sourcebook, its Risk Supplement and the latest guidebook on Climate Risk Assessment for Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA).
Guidance Note For Planning, Contracting And Effective Backstopping Of A Climate Risk And Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) [English Version]
Sep 18, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The aim of this guidance note is to support GIZ staff in planning, tendering and backstopping a Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA). Why do experts overseeing CRVA need (yet) another guidance? Project staff overseeing CRVA might need additional guidance because the task is relatively complex and involves several actors and stakeholders. The recommendations, tips and tricks given in this guidance are mainly referring to the approach for a CRVA presented by the GIZ Vulnerability Sourcebook, its Risk Supplement and the latest guidebook on Climate Risk Assessment for Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA).
Overview Document: Knowledge Products of the Global Project Mainstreaming EbA
Sep 17, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
A compilation of all central knowledge products on Ecosystem-based Adaptation produced by the BMU-IKI funded Global Project Mainstreaming EbA. You will find both brief descriptions and links as well as QR-codes for each publication in the document. This way, getting an overview over what’s available and finding what you need becomes easier and faster. The list will be updated with new publications on a regular basis.
Governance for Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Understanding the diversity of actors & quality of arrangements
Sep 13, 2019 - Study - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
‘Governance goes beyond Government – Successful adaptation also depends on the active engagement of other actors including national, regional, multi-lateral and international organizations, civil society and the private sector.’ Governance is the variable with greatest potential for a successful mainstreaming of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) into policies, plans and practices. Major barriers relate to governance factors, i.e. who decides what needs to be done & how shall it be done? A new study developed by GIZ provides decision makers and practitioners with key background information on concepts and quality aspects of governance for EbA. 18 practical examples help to better understand and make use of existing governance structures to mainstream and implement EbA as well as related Nature-based Solutions approaches. The publication provides: 1) Conceptual overview: definitions, the role of state, civil society and business; 2) Description of diversity of actors & governance types in EbA projects: government, shared, private, indigenous peoples and local communities; 3) Information on quality aspects: good governance, equity aspects at international & local level, a suggested framework and principles for EbA governance; 4) A summary of barriers and opportunities including suggestions on how to enhance the quality of multi-actor processes and guiding questions for good governance; 5) Conclusions with key messages for planners & implementers. The study is based on an extensive literature review, a summary report on ‘Emerging lessons for mainstreaming EbA’, five country analyses for mainstreaming EbA in Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Viet Nam and the Philippines, expert dialogues within the BMU IKI funded International EbA Community of Practice and case studies from the web-platform PANORAMA Solutions for a Healthy Planet.
Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development – Country Perspectives on Alignment of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) (OVERVIEW BRIEF 3)
Sep 10, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: NAP & NDC
This is the third in a series of briefs by the NAP Global Network focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The brief explores country perspectives on alignment of national-level policy processes under the Paris Agreement—specifically, NAPs and NDCs—as a basis for broader alignment toward climate-resilient development. This series of briefs aims to increase understanding of alignment at the country level, with previous briefs highlighting the benefits, different approaches and potential entry points for aligning different policy processes related to climate-resilient development.
Steering International Adaptation Finance Towards the Local Level
Sep 05, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Adaptation Finance
The provision of climate finance, especially for adaptation needs in vulnerable and local communities, is considered a key element and political goal in the international climate change space. Effectively steering adaptation finance to the local level where it is most needed and is likely to have the greatest impact remains oftentimes a challenge, often resulting in a lack of financial resources for local entities to plan and implement adequate adaptation measures. In this paper by adelphi, several key challenges and potential solutions for channeling money from the international to the local level have been identified and analysed. The analysis sheds light on promising elements of so-called elevator functions (to channeling funding effectively through vertical administrative levels from the international to the local level) in existing financing mechanisms from different sectors that are potentially suitable for adaptation finance. Furthermore, the authors present options and recommendations for action for adaptation finance practitioners, project managers and experts from donor agencies and multilateral finance institutions in order to improve the channelling of adaptation finance to the local level.
Bottom-Up Innovation for Adaptation Financing – New Approaches for Financing Adaptation Challenges Developed Through the Practitioner Labs Climate Finance
Sep 05, 2019 - Workshop report - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are crucial stakeholders when it comes to climate change adaptation finance on the ground since local companies and communities are directly affected by climate change. However, despite the fact that local businesses and communities are in urgent need of suitable financing instruments, SMEs face significant financing challenges in many developing and emerging economies, particularly with regards to climate change adaptation. This Innovation Brief presents six innovative bottom-up adaptation financing approaches from the SEED Practitioner Labs Climate Finance 2018 in India, Thailand and Uganda, and shares overarching learnings about challenges and solutions. The Labs support creativity, innovation, and co-creation through its participative and collaborative prototyping methodology. The solutions for adaptation finance include among others microinsurances, financing models for climate-smart irrigation systems as well as information platforms and make use of innovative technologies, digital solutions and blockchain-based approaches.
The Roles of the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation – an Introduction
Sep 05, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Climate change is set to become one of the most significant – if not the most significant – challenges for economies and societies within the next decades. Adapting to its impacts will be crucial for human wellbeing. While the role and responsibilities of the public sector for supporting adaptation and building resilience have been in focus for a long time, awareness for the need to address and engage the private sector has steadily grown. This introduction shows that companies of any size, private associations and cooperatives, banks and investors as well as insurance companies can play three different roles in and for adaptation. They can adapt to climate change, finance climate adaptation of others and support others through products and services for resilience.
Anchoring Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Networks, Policies and Sectors: Learning Brief
Aug 28, 2019 - Workshop report - Topic: NAP & NDC
Experiences from practitioners on how to anchor Ecosystem-based Adaptation in networks, policies and sectors such as insurance, agriculture, water and infrastructure: This learning brief is a result of the 4th international EbA Community of Practice Workshop that was conducted by GIZ between 11 and 14 June 2019 at UNU-EHS in Bonn, Germany.
Facilitating the Implementation of NDC Adaptation Goals through enhanced Multi-level Governance
Jul 25, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: NAP & NDC
With the Paris Agreement, the planning and implementation of adaptation action is central to achieve the countries’ goals set in their NDCs. While it is the responsibility of national government to achieve their goals, the implementation mostly occurs on local level. This policy brief by GIZ argues that implementing and strengthening a multi-level governance approach is key to delivering climate resilience and hence to fulfill the adaptation commitments set in the NDCs. It is a synthesis of the findings of three case studies from Colombia, Indonesia and Mexico where an MLG approach has helped to advance the formulation and implementation of adaptation goals.
Umfassendes Risikomanagement. Der Ansatz der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Umgang mit Katastrophen- und Klimarisiken
Jul 24, 2019 - Integrierter Ansatz - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Umfassendes Risikomanagement verbindet Strategien und Maßnahmen zur Reduzierung von Katastrophen- und Klimarisiken. Anstelle von separaten Einzelmaßnahmen werden sowohl bewährte als auch innovative Instrumente aus dem Klimaschutz, der Anpassung an den Klimawandel, dem Katastrophenrisikomanagement sowie der sozialen Sicherung zu einem Gesamtansatz kombiniert. Durch die Übergangshilfe wird zudem die Brücke zur Humanitären Hilfe geschlagen, die dem übergeordneten Ziel folgt, Überleben zu sichern. Industrielle Gefahrenlagen und biologische Bedrohungen werden dabei ebenfalls berücksichtigt, wenn diese potenziell mit Extremereignissen zusammenhängen (z. B. Kernschmelze nach einem Tsunami oder Epidemien nach Hochwasser).
Comprehensive Risk Management. The Approach of German Development Cooperation for Dealing with Disaster and Climate Risks
Jul 24, 2019 - Approach - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Comprehensive risk management involves bringing together strategies and measures to reduce disaster and climate risks. Rather than a series of individual measures, it combines both tried-and-tested and innovative instruments from the fields of climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and social protection into a single holistic approach. Transitional development assistance acts as a bridge to humanitarian aid, where the overriding objective is to save lives. Comprehensive risk management also takes account of industrial hazards and biological threats where there is a potential link to extreme events (e. g. a nuclear core meltdown following a tsunami or epidemic outbreaks after severe flooding).
Puntos de entrada para la transverzalización de la adaptación basada en ecosistemas – El caso de Perú
Jul 15, 2019 - Case Study - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Este estudio de caso de Perú fue desarrollado por GIZ como parte de una serie que resume puntos de entrada prometedores de la política y las estructuras de gobernanza para la incorporación de AbE a nivel política y profesional. Incluye cuatro ejemplos que ilustran la diversidad de iniciativas que apoyan la incorporación de AbE pero también muestran las barreras existentes.
Puntos de entrada para la transverzalización de la adaptación basada en ecosistemas – El caso de México
Jul 15, 2019 - Case Study - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Este estudio de caso de México fue desarrollado por GIZ como parte de una serie que resume puntos de entrada prometedores de la política y las estructuras de gobernanza para la incorporación de AbE a nivel política y profesional. Incluye tres ejemplos que ilustran la diversidad de iniciativas que apoyan la incorporación de AbE pero también muestran las barreras existentes.
Entry Points for Vertical Integration of Climate Action in Kazakhstan
Jul 08, 2019 - Study - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
This study by the Government of Kazakhstan aims to identify and analyze potential ways to use existing institutional mechanisms to strengthen sub-national level adaptation planning capacities to ensure the successful implementation of identified adaptation measures. It was developed with support from the NAP Global Network’s Country Support Hub.
Documentation of 5th EbA Knowledge Day during UNFCCC SB50, 19 June 2019 – Bonn
Jul 04, 2019 - Workshop report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
The 5th EbA Knowledge Day was organized by GIZ, IUCN and IIED under the Friends of EbA (FEBA) network in the framework of UNFCCC SBSTA 50. The aim of the event was to enhance knowledge on assessing effectiveness of EbA measures (part 1: morning session) and to better understand governance frameworks relevant for EbA mainstreaming (part 2: afternoon session). The event included input presentations, panel discussions a market place showcasing practical examples as well as interactive group dialogues. The documentation covers key messages, presentations and photos of the event.
Voluntary guidelines for the design and effective implementation of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction and supplementary information
Jun 27, 2019 - Report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
The guidelines provide a flexible framework for planning and implementing ecosystem-based adaptation and disaster risk reduction initiatives. The present report, set up by SCBD, UN-Environment and GIZ, contains the version of the guidelines as adopted by the 14th CBD Conference of the Parties as well as updated supplementary information. The guidelines are organized into three parts: Part 1: Primer for policy-makers: high-level policy guidance for focal points to the CBD, UNFCCC, UNCCD and UNISDR, policy makers within governments and other relevant organizations, including the private sector, researchers, donors. It highlights the advantages of ecosystem-based approaches and how they promote multiple benefits; it also demonstrates how they can be integrated into adaptation and risk reduction strategies and development frameworks. Part 2: Guidelines for practitioners help to operationalize EbA and Eco-DRR at programme and project level. It outlines i) principles and safeguards for designing and implementing EbA and Eco-DRR, ii) a flexible and iterative framework outlining key stages in planning and implementing adaptation and DRR; and iii) toolboxes for each stage. Part 3: Outreach into sectors includes briefs for practitioners to support advocacy for the integration of EbA and Eco-DRR into the following sectoral policies and plans: (1) development planning and public finance; (2) spatial planning in land- and seascapes; (3) agriculture; (4) humanitarian aid; (5) infrastructure; (6) forestry; and (7) water.
‘Evaluación de Riesgo Climático para la Adaptación basada en Ecosistemas – guía para planificadores y practicantes’ en Español
Jun 26, 2019 - Tool - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Una Guía desarrollada por GIZ en colaboración con Eurac Research y la Universidad de las Naciones Unidas (UNU-EHS) ayuda a los planificadores y profesionales en el diseño y la implementación de evaluaciones de riesgo climático en el contexto de los proyectos de AbE. A partir del trabajo del Libro de la Vulnerabilidad (GIZ 2014) y su Suplemento de Riesgo (GIZ y EURAC 2017), esta Guía provee orientación sobre cómo considerar sistemáticamente soluciones basadas en ecosistemas en el contexto de la evaluación de riesgo climático. La Guía introduce conceptos clave y pasos metodológicos relevantes para la evaluación de riesgo climático en el contexto de AbE y presenta conceptos relacionados, ilustrando con ejemplos de aplicación concreta de la metodología. Incluye los siguientes módulos: 1. Preparación de la evaluación del riesgo 2. Desarrollo de cadenas de impacto 3. Identificación y selección de indicadores para los componentes de riesgo 4-8. De la adquisición de datos a la evaluación de riesgo 8. Presentación e interpretación de resultados de la evaluación de riesgo 9. Identificación de las opciones de adaptación La Guía se puede aplicar en diferentes etapas de la planificación de la adaptación, desde las evaluaciones iniciales hasta las evaluaciones repetidas en la fase de implementación o M&E.
Enhancing Nationally Determined Contributions through Protected Areas
Jun 10, 2019 - Study - Topic: Linking Mitigation Adaptation
With support from the German BMU, WWF US reviewed 151 Nationally Determined Contributions to the 2015 Paris Agreement to determine how Parties intend to utilize protected areas to contribute to their adaptation and mitigation commitments. Results show that of the 179 countries included in this analysis, only 67 identified protected areas as a means of attaining their adaptation and mitigation goals. Based on this study, WWF US has developed five recommendations to encourage Parties to enhance climate ambition through protected and conserved areas as they revise their NDCs for 2020 and beyond.
The Planetary Health Diet in Theory and Practice
Jun 03, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Climate Smart Nutrition
Global population growth and climate change are major challenges, putting more pressure on natural resources and food production. However, the current global food system (production + consumption) does not operate in a way to solve the challenge, making a large-scale transition at all stages of global food supply chains indispensable. There exist a range of possible interventions along food production and consumption side, resulting in better nutrition status, more climate resilience of food systems and less GHG emissions – in other words, climate-smart nutrition. This new publication by GIZ focuses on dietary shifts, first conceptually, then by providing a case study from Kenya. Moreover, it gives practical advise how policy makers can integrate climate change considerations in nutrition agendas and nutrition considerations in climate change agendas.
Defining Adaptation – and Distinguishing It From Other Development Investments
May 28, 2019 - Scoping Paper - Topic: Adaptation Finance
How can we distinguish an adaptation project from a regular development project and what exactly is the additionality of adaptation? This question is often raised by ministries, funding institutions and development practitioners. On behalf of BMU, IISD has tried to find an answer in a short scoping paper: “Defining Adaptation – and Distinguishing it from Other Development Investments”.
Sistematización Programa Regional AbE – Ecuador
May 24, 2019 - Report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Después de 2 años de implementación, el Ministerio del Ambiente del Ecuador con el apoyo de la Cooperación Técnica Alemana (GIZ) y la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (UICN) desarrollaron la sistematización de la experiencia de trabajo en Manabí del Programa Regional “Estrategias de Adaptación al cambio climático basadas en Ecosistemas en Colombia y Ecuador” (Programa Regional AbE). El presente documento reconstruye el proceso de implementación y recoge las principales lecciones aprendidas en Ecuador del programa desde la visión de los diversos actores socios del proceso.
Monitoring Climate Benefits of Sustainable Land Management
May 03, 2019 - Case Study - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
Sustainable land management (SLM) activities are listed as priority actions for climate change mitigation in 60% of all submitted NDCs and for adaptation in 40% of NDCs. The Paris Agreement has introduced an enhanced transparency framework (ETF) to assess progress towards global mitigation and adaptation objectives. International and domestic monitoring, evaluation and reporting processes are distinct but closely related. M&E refers to monitoring, evaluation and learning systems used by governments, international organisations, NGOs and other project implementing agencies for their own policy purposes. Common challenges include weak linkages between M&E systems at different levels and limited coherence among sectoral M&E systems, including between SLM initiatives and systems that monitor and report climate benefits at national level. This information brief by GIZ and UNIQUE uses examples from Kenya to illustrate the value of multi-purpose, multi-level M&E systems, and proposes steps towards developing such systems based on existing M&E systems for SLM.
Sustainable Land Management for Upscaled Climate Action
May 03, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
There is growing evidence worldwide that many SLM measures have simultaneous benefits for climate change mitigation, adaptation and food security, as well as soil protection as pointed out in this study by GIZ and UNIQUE. Unsustainable land uses contribute to nearly 25% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, about half of this is due t agriculture. The amount of carbon stored in the world’s soils is bigger than the carbon in all vegetation and the atmosphere combined. With proper management, soils and vegetation can sequester carbon, and contribute to mitigating further climate change. Furthermore, land management plays key roles in food provisioning, regulating water cycles and maintaining other ecosystem services. Sustainable land management (SLM) is thus a key measure in adapting to the effects of climate change.
Study on Engaging the Private Sector in National Adaptation Planning Processes
Apr 24, 2019 - Study - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Adapting to the impacts of climate change, whether at the national, sub-national or community level, is not the responsibility of national governments alone. It requires the coordinated input of multiple stakeholders, including local authorities, development partners, communities and civil society. Businesses and investors also need to be involved, as they are the key engines of economic growth in developing countries, accounting for 60 per cent of gross domestic product, 80 per cent of capital flows and 90 per cent of jobs. They will be relied on to create the jobs needed to support adaptation, to develop the products and services needed for societies to become more climate-resilient, and to finance—directly or indirectly—many adaptation actions. The strategic and well-informed inclusion of the private sector in climate change adaptation planning and activities must be a key part of all countries’ efforts to adapt to the impacts of climate change; they will be key partners in the design, financing and implementation of adaptation priorities. The National Adaptation Plan process differs from past processes in that it offers a medium- and long-term vision of national adaptation action, aligned with development plans and with a supporting regulatory and policy framework. If properly communicated, it foregrounds a country’s key climate vulnerabilities. It therefore can provide all stakeholders, including the private sector, with a stable and predictable roadmap for a government’s priorities on national adaptation. This study aims to offer guidance to governments and their partners on how to engage the private sector in the NAP process. Private sector engagement in the NAP process, for the purposes of this paper, is defined as the meaningful involvement of private sector actors—ranging in size, sector, motivation and whether they operate in the formal or informal sector—in the planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of national adaptation planning processes. Governments remain the overall owners and drivers of the NAP process. However, for NAPs to be successfully implemented and climate resilience strengthened, private sector actors will need to be involved. The study was developed by the NAP Global Network, in collaboration with and supported by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). It is published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).
ClinfoMATE – Conceptual foundations for a digital tool for enhancing the development of a Climate Service market
Apr 16, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The use of Climate Information by sectoral users is often limited as climate information does not comply with the users’ needs, access is limited, climate data is not processable or not understandable. Moreover, the Climate Service market (providers and products) is not transparent to potential users and Climate Service providers often don’t know how to assess user needs. In face of lacking procedures for user-provider interaction processes of climate information delivery is often time consuming and inefficient. Hence, the global objectives of ClinfoMATE are: • Enhancing the CS market • Creating transparency of the CS market • Enhancing the access to CS products • Enhancing the effectiveness of CS provision • Providing structured guidance and support for users to engage in climate risk assessment • Reconciling user needs and providers capabilities • Enhancing user-provider interaction and knowledge brokerage A prototype of ClinfoMATE can be accessed here: www.clinfomate.nozilla.de
Emerging lessons for mainstreaming Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Strategic entry points and processes
Apr 15, 2019 - Report - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
This study highlights success factors and entry points for mainstreaming EbA based on 16 practical case studies from Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Philippines and Viet Nam in the following contexts: 1. National planning and development processes (e.g. climate policy and budget allocation) 2. Sectoral policies and regulatory frameworks (e.g. sector planning and land-use planning) 3. Local and community planning processes (e.g. village planning, municipal planning) 4. Private sector engagement (e.g. public-private partnerships) 5. Capacity building. It also summarizes emerging lessons learnt for mainstreaming, including identifying policy entry points, strengthen institutional collaboration, engaging multiple actors and effective communication. This report reflects the knowledge, experience and lessons learned of the many practitioners who have been leaders in the design, implementation and mainstreaming of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) measures. It is based on the findings of four country reports on ‘entry points for EbA mainstreaming’, expert dialogues within the BMU IKI funded International EbA Community of Practice (EbA-CoP), and case studies from the web-platform PANORAMA Solutions for a Healthy Planet.
Article: Climate Services for a Resilient Infrastructure: Planning Perspectives for a Sustainable Future of Vietnam
Apr 04, 2019 - Article - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Viet Nam currently is one of the top five countries most vulnerable to climate change (World Bank, 2019). Every year, Viet Nam invests billions of US dollars into long-term infrastructure projects, particularly coastal protection infrastructure (Nguyen X. T. and David D. 2009). However, future climate conditions are seldom considered systematically in the planning of such infrastructure, leading to bad investment decisions and consequently to high risks for economic losses in the face of emerging climate change. In compliance with Viet Nam’s commitment to achieve goal 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), part of which is making infrastructure sustainable and resilient, and plan to set out and implement its Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP), National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and Nationally Determined Contributions (I) NDCs, efforts are being made to increase resilience of infrastructure nationwide. This article summarizes some initial findings of Viet Nam’s efforts and presents an innovative approach with 3 strategic measures: 1) To enhance provision of user-friendly climate services for infrastructure planners; 2) To enhance the use of climate services and consideration of climate risk assessment for infrastructure planning process and 3) To mainstream the approach of climate-proofing for infrastructure into the SEDP, NDC and NAP of Viet Nam. The article provides an insight into Viet Nam’s strategy of enhancing climate services as a basis for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into infrastructure planning. It was translated and adapted from the Vietnamese original, which was published March 2019 in the Journal of Economy Forecast Review, No. 7, Volume 03/2019, pp.10 – 15
Study on Enhancing Climate Services for the Road and Bridges Infrastructure Sector in Costa Rica
Apr 03, 2019 - Report - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Infrastructures are the fundamental basis for the sustainable development of a society’s economic prosperity and social well-being. The road infrastructure system in Costa Rica is especially vulnerable to extreme hydro-meteorological events. In the period from 2005 to 2017 such events caused economic losses of about US$ 2.210 million in the infrastructure sector of which more than half refers to road infrastructure (CNE 2017). In order to guarantee the functionality of the road infrastructure in the future and minimize costs for their preservation and reconstruction, climate proof infrastructure systems are essential. Climate risk management processes require the availability of adequate climate information which can be incorporated into development decisions and policy at relevant scale. In order to enhance the provision and use of climate information the current state of a National Climate Service for the context of the road infrastructure sector needs to be assessed and analysed. The baseline assessment is based on the concept and structure of the Global Framework of Climate Services. The study provides an overview of the Climate Service inventory which encompasses currently available Climate Service capacities and specific products. It furthermore reflects the current use and demands of Climate Services from the road infrastructure sector and lays out potential measures for enhancing Climate Services for the road and bridges infrastructure sector as a basis for efficient and effective adaptation planning.
Intégration des changements climatiques dans la Note Analytique au Bénin
Apr 02, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
En application des nouvelles directives de l’UEMOA portant sur les aspects juridique et comptable de la planification du développement, le Bénin a adopté une loi pour pallier aux problèmes persistants de l’articulation entre les stratégies nationales de développement et les budgets. L’une des implications de cette loi et des précédentes directives de l’UEMOA est l’élaboration de la Note Analytique sur le programme de développement. La Note Analytique est un document qui est élaboré chaque année sur le programme de développement en annexe à la loi des finances. La prise en compte de la dimension environnement et le Changement Climatique dans la Note Analytique annexée à la loi des finances 2019 au Bénin a suivi une approche participative intégrée au processus générique d’élaboration de ladite note. Le factsheet donne plus de détails sur l’intégration des changements climatiques dans la Note Analytique.
Etat des lieux des capacités pour la planification de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques au Bénin
Apr 02, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Pour la réussite de la mise en œuvre du processus de Plan National d’Adaptation dans les Pays les Moins Avancés, il est indispensable d’identifier les capacités actuelles de façon approfondie et de fixer des objectifs à moyen terme. Dans ce cadre, le Bénin a conduit en octobre 2017 l’état des lieux des capacités de mise en œuvre et de détermination de la vision à moyen terme de son processus PNA. L’outil SNAP (« Stocktaking for National Adaptation Planning », en français « Etat des lieux pour la planification de l’adaptation au niveau national ») développé par la GIZ a été utilisé pour mener cette activité. Son application a permis d’identifier le niveau actuel des facteurs de succès des plans nationaux d’adaptation, de fixer des objectifs stratégiques réalisables à moyen terme pour le renforcement des capacités d’adaptation et de proposer des mesures concrètes pour atteindre les objectifs fixés. Le factsheet décrit la méthodologie utilisée et les résultats de l’état des capacités de planification et de mise en œuvre de l’adaptation au Bénin.
Intégration des changements climatiques dans le Plan National de Développement Sanitaire au Bénin
Apr 02, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Le Bénin s’est doté en 2009 d’un Plan National de Développement Sanitaire (PNDS) qui couvre la période 2009 – 2018. Après son évaluation à mi-parcours en 2016, les acteurs du secteur ont entrepris d’élaborer un nouveau document de politique nationale en matière de santé qui prend en compte les changements climatiques. Les travaux menés par les experts en climatologie, modélisation climatique, nutrition et maladies vectorielles ont abouti à l’identification de la chaîne d’impact des changements climatiques sur le secteur de la santé au Bénin. Les résultats présentent l’influence des déterminants climatiques majeurs sur la santé au Bénin. Leurs impacts sur la programmation du PNDS ont été identifiés et des mesures d’adaptation ont été intégrées. Les coûts additionnels des mesures d’adaptation ont été estimés et intégrés dans le budget du PNDS et des indicateurs pour le suivi et évaluation ont été élaborés. Le factsheet donne plus de détails sur l’intégration des changements climatiques dans le Plan National de Développement Sanitaire.
The Relation Between Climate Change Adaptation & Coastal Protection Planning in the Mekong Delta – The Role of Climate Services for the Decision Support System to Avoid Loss & Damage and Minimize Future Costs
Apr 02, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
The Decision Support Tool (DST) for the Coastal Protection for the Mekong Delta (CPMD) provides an analysis of the current geographical, geological and hydrological situation along the Mekong Delta’s coastline. Besides a surveillance of changes of the coastal regimes over the last decades until today, it also includes an assessment of the major coastal protection infrastructure, including dykes and sluice gates, embankments as well as eco-based foreshore protections such as the mangrove belt. Climate Change, however, adds the future as a new perspective and changes the parameters of the DST “equation” through the application of different climate models and scenarios. This essay elaborates on the role of tailor made Climate Services for decision-making advice for coastal infrastructure planning and how Climate Services can be incorporated into the DST handled by the Vietnamese Government.
Orientation Guide on Concepts, Terms and Definitions in the Context of Climate Services & Infrastructure Climate Risk Management
Apr 02, 2019 - Manual - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
This orientation guide is focussing on terms and terminology related to Climate Services on the one side, and infrastructure climate risk management on the other. Hence, this glossary occupies a niche in climate risk research and practice. So far less attention has been on focussing on the Climate Service specialized terminology as well as infrastrucfurre specific issues related to climate risk. This guide has been built to develop a common understanding amongst partners of the Climate Services for Infrastructure Investment (CSI) project.
Climate Services for Infrastructure Investments – Baseline Assessment Report for the Nile Basin Countries
Apr 02, 2019 - Report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Every year, emerging economies and developing countries invest billions in long‐term infrastructure projects. However, their plans often fail to take account of future climate change. This leads to high risks of damage and misguided investments. This especially accounts for the Nile Basin, where water related infrastructure provides food and energy security to entire nations. Known as Climate Services, user‐oriented climate information and products (e.g. risk and vulnerability analyses) are required that enable public and private decision‐makers to raise the resilience of national infrastructures. Many countries within the Nile Basin region so far lack the institutional, technical and service‐related conditions they need to set up and mainstream climate services in their planning procedures and regulations. In order to enhance the provision of Climate Services for infrastructure investments, a baseline assessment of available Climate Services has been conducted focusing on the assessment of respective capabilities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) in Burundi, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. The assessment is based on data collected in interviews, surveys and workshops.
The Role of Climate Data in the Planning Processes in Germany for Bridges, Hydropower Dams and Coastal Protection
Apr 02, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The incorporation of climate change into infrastructure planning is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Due to insufficient planning and usage of climate services and predictions, adaptation measures failed under the threat of climatic events. Such an example can be seen in the floods in Dresden, Hamburg and other cities in many conceding years, where the waters still managed to flood the city, although adaptation measures had been put in place. Therefore the question arises of, how does the planning of certain infrastructure projects work and where are the entry points for climate data and information? The act of planning, organizing and constructing any infrastructure project however is a very complex and comprehensive topic. The process runs through a lot of steps and incorporates a vast sum of actors involved. This report aims to give an overview of the planning processes in Germany for bridges, hydropower dams and coastal protection and where in such processes climate data are required. Certain codes, standards, norms and regulations will be assessed to understand how the decision making processes are influenced.
Climate Services in Germany – Stakeholders, Challenges, Factors of Success
Apr 02, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Within the German Adaptation Strategy, municipalities in Germany are given a special role in its implementation and that is why they represent one of the largest target groups for Climate Services. Local climate information and services are therefore necessary for tailored adaptation measures in urban development or civil engineering projects. The study provides 6 main recommendations for an enhanced provision and use of Climate Services for adaptation planning in Germany
Assessment of Climate Service Providers Capabilities in Brazil
Apr 02, 2019 - Report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The Assessment of Climate Service Providers Capabilities in Brazil has been conducted as part of the baseline asssessment for the Climate Service for Infrastructure Investment (CSI) project. It demonstrates that a diverse set of stakeholders exist that provides Climate Services for different sectors and decision making context. Nontheless it also demonstrates a shortcoming that many stakeholders in the Climate Service debate address: The lack of adequate exchange with users of Climate Services for the delivery of tailor made and user-centred climate Information products. The report is in Portuguese.
NAPCC Country Case Study India
Apr 01, 2019 - Study - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
This case study was developed as part of a series on the national adaptation planning (NAP) process in selected countries, looking at specific climate risks as well as the governance structure and policy framework. It provides an update on the current NAP process, showing first lessons learned and giving an outlook on the next steps to be taken in the iterative NAP process, considering how it contributes to reaching national adaptation goals.
Safeguarding NDC Implementation: Building resilience into energy systems
Mar 25, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
This short brief developed by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) as a contribution to the IKI NDC Support Cluster aims to enhance awareness and highlight the importance of integrating weather and climate-related risk into the planning stages of energy infrastructure development. As countries are developing long-term low-carbon development strategies and pursue mitigation measures as part of their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), it is essential to increase understanding about the need to identify and assess climate-related risks when appraising new energy projects or managing infrastructure portfolios. Taking into consideration the potential risks of climate change will improve the response rate of the energy system to environmental stresses while safeguarding investments into mitigation efforts and the integrity of energy assets and systems.
Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Getting Started on Alignment (OVERVIEW BRIEF 2)
Mar 21, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: NAP & NDC
This is the second in a series of briefs by the NAP Global Network focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The brief explores how countries can get started on aligning different policy processes by defining alignment objectives, identifying entry points and putting enabling factors in place.
État des lieux des capacités de planification aux changements climatiques au Sénégal
Mar 21, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Pour la réussite de la mise en œuvre du processus de Plan National d’Adaptation dans les Pays les Moins Avancés, il est indispensable d’identifier les capacités actuelles de façon approfondie et de fixer des objectifs à moyen terme. Dans ce cadre, le Sénégal a réalisé l’état des lieux des capacités de mise en œuvre et déterminé la vision à moyen terme de son processus PNA. L’outil SNAP (« Stocktaking for National Adaptation Planning », en français « Etat des lieux pour la planification de l’adaptation au niveau national ») développé par la GIZ a été utilisé pour mener cette activité. Son application a permis d’identifier le niveau actuel des facteurs de succès des plans nationaux d’adaptation, de fixer des objectifs stratégiques réalisables à moyen terme pour le renforcement des capacités d’adaptation et de proposer des mesures concrètes pour atteindre les objectifs fixés. Le factsheet décrit la méthodologie utilisée pendant ce processus au Sénégal, l’état actuelle des capacités, le niveau souhaité des capacités dans le moyen terme et les actions d’amélioration phares identifiées.
Intégration des changements climatiques dans la gestion intégrée de l’eau au Senegal
Mar 21, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Le Sénégal a formulé et adopté le Plan d’Action pour la Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau (PAGIRE). Le PAGIRE est le référentiel en matière de Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau du Sénégal. Au terme de sa mise en œuvre, le Gouvernement a initié l’actualisation du PAGIRE pour la période 2018-2025 pour prendre en compte les nouveaux enjeux et défis liés notamment à la mise en œuvre des orientations de la Lettre de Politique Sectorielle de Développement (LPSD 2017-2025) et les exigences relatives à la mise en œuvre des Objectifs du Développement Durable (ODD), de la gouvernance participative de l’eau, à l’intégration du genre et à l’adaptation aux changements climatiques (ACC). Le factsheet, d’une part, décrit la méthodologie utilisée pendant le processus d’intégration des changements climatiques dans le PAGIRE et d’autre part, revient sur les résultats phares qui consistent entre autres, (1) à la réalisation de la chaîne d’impact des changements climatiques sur les ressources en eau au Sénégal, (2) à l’intégration de l’ACC et de son budget dans le PAGIRE 2018 – 2025 du Sénégal.
Analyse du processus de planification et de budgétisation au Sénégal pour une meilleure prise en compte de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques
Mar 21, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Le Sénégal a adopté une nouvelle stratégie de développement pour accélérer sa marche vers l’émergence à travers le Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE). Cependant, les études menées dans le cadre de l’élaboration de la CPDN ont montré une grande vulnérabilité du Sénégal aux impacts du changement climatique. Afin d’assurer une meilleure prise en compte de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques (ACC) aux niveaux national, sectoriel, et local, une étude sur l’analyse du processus de planification et de budgétisation au Sénégal a été menée sur la base d’outil NAP Align. Au sortir de cette analyse, il est noté que le dispositif de suivi budgétaire actuel ne permet pas d’avoir une vue globale, consolidée et exhaustive des différentes dépenses liées aux changements climatiques et particulièrement à l’adaptation et des recommandations ont été donner. Le factsheet décrit la méthodologie utilisée pendant ce processus au Sénégal et les principaux points d’entrée pour une meilleure prise en compte de l’ACC dans la planification du développement à tous les niveaux.
How bottom-up M&E insights can inform national adaptation planning and reporting
Mar 19, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Monitoring & Evaluation
Most adaptation actions are local and closely related to development needs, so it is important to develop and use local monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems to capture what is happening on the ground and integrate lessons from this into national and global M&E systems. This briefing by the International Institute for Environment and Development (iied) explores how learning from the local to national level informs planning and reporting from the bottom up, providing stronger evidence for adaptation assessments. Drawing on experience in Mali, Senegal, Morocco and Kenya, it unpacks how effective vertical integration of subnational and national M&E can improve national planning and lead to more robust reporting while saving time and resources by making use of existing data collection mechanisms.
Utilization and Dissemination Guide for the ‘Prioritization Methodology of Adaptation Measures
Mar 08, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Ecosystem-based Adaptation
On November 23, 2018, the second version of the ‘Methodology for the Prioritization of Adaptation Measures against Climate Change’ (in Spanish) was launched at the Soumaya Museum in Mexico City. The Methodology integrates and deepens the use of EbA and is designed to work with those adaptation measures that make use of environmental services (or ecosystem services), biodiversity and other activities that can be classified as “green” to reduce a population’s vulnerability, both rural and urban. With the help of these tools and through capacity building, Mexico will be able to select, prioritize and implement a portfolio of adaptation measures that increase the adaptive capacities ad reduce vulnerabilities of the systems and actors involved.
The Role of the NAP Process in Translating NDC Adaptation Goals into Action. Linking NAP Processes and NDCs (Arabic Version) – دور إجراءات خطّة التكيُف الوطنية في ترجمة أهداف التكيُف في المساهمات المحددة وطنياً إلى عمل – ربط إجراءات خطّة التكيُف الوطنية بالمسهامات المحددة وطنياً
Mar 01, 2019 - Study - Topic: NAP & NDC