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The process set forth by the PIEVC Green Protocol is designed to aid practitioners in characterizing the risk of the infrastructure due to climate change while considering the influence of the broader social-ecological system, and potential subsequent impacts to the social-ecological system should the infrastructure be disrupted or damaged. Climate risk assessment is within a broader context of climate proofing (a methodological approach aimed at incorporating climate change into project planning and development).
This tool provides practitioners and project planners with concrete entry points for anchoring justice in EbA project planning. It gives guidance on strategic frameworks, formulating project objectives and measures and anchoring justice in the institutional and financial setup. It also explains key steps how to best involve stakeholders in setting up the M&E system.
The case of Honduras / La Mosquitia illustrates the importance of integrating justice issues into the project during the early stages of planning. It is especially important to integrate these issues into governance structures and processes in the project area, although project management needs to consider them as well. As shown in Figure 1, entry points for anchoring justice issues strategically include the project concept, steering structure, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system and the staff concept. Integrating the various dimensions of justice – recognition justice, procedural justice and distributive justice – through these entry points is a key prerequisite for justice to be considered in project implementation.
The case of Vietnam / Soc Trang illustrates the importance of climate justice as a precondition for successfully and sustainably protecting mangrove forests. As mentioned, mangrove forests protect the coast and people from storms and flooding. Additionally, the ecosystem provides other co-benefits, like the increase of income through fisheries by providing nursery grounds, food, shelter and habitat for a wide range of aquatic species. The case highlights how a justice-based implementation approach strengthened the equal participation and benefits of a co-management approach, which actively promoted different dimensions of climate justice.
Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) needs to promote integrated and inclusive system-oriented solutions based on equity and climate justice to reduce risks and enable climate-resilient development, as stated in the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR 6). Therefore, the definition of justicebased EbA builds on the recognition and implementation of human rights principles and procedures to ensure equitable, transparent and fair outcomes for all stakeholders.
The technical summary presents a framework that highlights common elements in the adaptation and biodiversity planning process and provides insights into relevant case studies from different countries that illustrate key lessons learned and best practices. These could be applied or inspire the revision, formulation and implementation of the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Processes (NBSAPs), to promote synergies and efficient resource allocation.