Climate Risk Management for infrastructure as part of the NAP in Costa Rica
May 18, 2020 - Overview document - Topic: NAP & NDC
For the transition into a carbon-neutral economy Costa Rica launched in July 2018 an ambitious NAP towards a resilient and decarbonized development with a transformative vision. The fact that 34% of the hydrometeorological losses were related to the infrastructure sector, shed a light on the vulnerability to climate extreme events of this sector. Hence, climate risk management (CRM) for infrastructure has been mainstreamed into the NAP throughout two complementary axes. The first axis, knowledge management for climate change impact, climate services and development of local capacities will provide information and abilities and hence is a condition for the second axis, resilient climate services and infrastructure. Within the first axis, the open data policy poses a unique opportunity for the provision of climate services alike the development of a universal and public knowledge platform for streamlining information. In addition, more useful and usable climate studies, report and analysis would allow for more comprehensive and accurate losses and damages evaluations, future climate scenarios and cost-benefit evaluations of adaptation measurements. A vulnerability assessment protocol based on the pilot climate risk assessment of the Guardia Bridge will be status-quo for ensuring climate-resilient infrastructure by which losses and damages to hydrometeorological events shall be reduced. The following presentation developed by the Directorate of Climate Change in Costa Rica (DCC) provides an overview of the guidelines included in the NAP with regard to CRM for infrastructure.
Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
An infrastructure-oriented climate risk assessment was piloted for the planned Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate system project in the Mekong Delta– an infrastructure investment by the Government of Vietnam with an estimated budget of USD 145 million, starting from 2018 until 2021 with a significant function to prevent salt water intrusion, especially with regards to higher probabilities of severe droughts. An assessment team of Vietnamese hydro-meteorologist, climatologist, water infrastructure engineers and planners, and civil experts was formed to conduct a climate risk assessment according to the PIEVC Protocol (Public Infrastructure and Engineering Vulnerability Committee). One of the most useful tool of the methodology is the risk matrix. By calculating the probability and severity of each climate parameter on each infrastructure component, decision-makers are more prone to weighted potential adaptation measures. The study results proved that the PIEVC Protocol has a high potential to be applied for climate risk assessments of infrastructures (both planned projects and existing infrastructure) in Viet Nam. With enhanced capacities, the climate risk assessment can serve as a nationwide decision support tool for the infrastructure investors and planners in Viet Nam.
A recipe for the service of climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Resources, capital and capacities are required for the assessment of climate risk, however the availability, quantity and expenses are beforehand unknown for decision-makers. How many people would need to be hired? What level of expertise is required? How long will it take? How much is it going to cost? The lack of answers to these questions limit or delay the decision by project owners or investment planners whether or not to conduct a climate risk assessment for their infrastructure investments. To facilitate and streamline the replica of the Cai Lon-Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment in Vietnam, this document provides a detail description of the kind of services needed. Based on the structure of a typical recipe, the provided services are divided in three components; procedure, quantity and costs. To illustrate the application of the proposed recipe as well as highlight the relevant inputs under different circumstances, three scenarios with variations on users ( public or privat) and planning stages ( feasibility and after construction) were showcased. All in all, this document aims to streamline the decision-making process and facilitate the cost-benefits analysis by making available a tool which helps weight alternatives.
Climate risk assessment on infrastructure: A report about the bridge over the Tempisque river in Guardia, Costa Rica
Apr 17, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Due to its geographical location, Costa Rica´s infrastructure is vulnerable to hydro-meteorological extreme events which will increase as a result of climate change. These events cause billions of losses in infrastructure, of which more than a half are related to the road infrastructure sector such as the destruction of roads, bridges and sewer systems. To analyse the exposure and hazard to climate-related events, the implementation of climate risk assessments on infrastructure is crucial. To that extend, the bridge over the Tempsique river in Guardia was chosen to pilot a climate risk assessment based on the PIEVC methodology. Throughout the assessment, the current vulnerability of the bridge´s components were analysed as well as the impact of current and future hydro-meteorological events were estimated. In a nutshell, the report provides decision-makers with necessary information to adopt adaptation measurements towards the maintenance and operation of a climate-resilient bridge. Of equal importance is the development of capacities among as well as the mainstream of the approach. Lastly, the assessment has incentivised to develop of a climate risk assessment tool tailor-made to the Costa Rican context.
Case Studies on Integrating Ecosystem Services and Climate Resilience in Infrastructure Development: Lessons for Advocacy
Oct 14, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
With support from GIZ, WWF and Arup conducted a review of innovative practices across several regions of the world that integrate both ecosystem services and climate change projections in planning and design. With 60% of the land expected to be urbanized by 2030 yet to be built, alongside an estimated 25 million km of new roads by 2050, there is urgent need to identify and replicate practices that preserve ecosystem services, enhance climate resilience and mitigate the expected effects of climate change. Reviewing more than 90 cases of infrastructure planning or design, this report presents three brief case studies in developing economies to highlight recent advancements in such integrated approaches: the Mexico water supply system, the LAPPSET development corridor and Lamu port in coastal Kenya, and the Shenzen sea wall. It also highlights a number of innovative examples in the US and UK as examples to learn from to inform improved infrastructure planning moving forward.
The Roles of the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation – an Introduction
Sep 05, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Climate change is set to become one of the most significant – if not the most significant – challenges for economies and societies within the next decades. Adapting to its impacts will be crucial for human wellbeing. While the role and responsibilities of the public sector for supporting adaptation and building resilience have been in focus for a long time, awareness for the need to address and engage the private sector has steadily grown. This introduction shows that companies of any size, private associations and cooperatives, banks and investors as well as insurance companies can play three different roles in and for adaptation. They can adapt to climate change, finance climate adaptation of others and support others through products and services for resilience.
ClinfoMATE – Conceptual foundations for a digital tool for enhancing the development of a Climate Service market
Apr 16, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The use of Climate Information by sectoral users is often limited as climate information does not comply with the users’ needs, access is limited, climate data is not processable or not understandable. Moreover, the Climate Service market (providers and products) is not transparent to potential users and Climate Service providers often don’t know how to assess user needs. In face of lacking procedures for user-provider interaction processes of climate information delivery is often time consuming and inefficient. Hence, the global objectives of ClinfoMATE are: • Enhancing the CS market • Creating transparency of the CS market • Enhancing the access to CS products • Enhancing the effectiveness of CS provision • Providing structured guidance and support for users to engage in climate risk assessment • Reconciling user needs and providers capabilities • Enhancing user-provider interaction and knowledge brokerage A prototype of ClinfoMATE can be accessed here:
Article: Climate Services for a Resilient Infrastructure: Planning Perspectives for a Sustainable Future of Vietnam
Apr 04, 2019 - Article - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Viet Nam currently is one of the top five countries most vulnerable to climate change (World Bank, 2019). Every year, Viet Nam invests billions of US dollars into long-term infrastructure projects, particularly coastal protection infrastructure (Nguyen X. T. and David D. 2009). However, future climate conditions are seldom considered systematically in the planning of such infrastructure, leading to bad investment decisions and consequently to high risks for economic losses in the face of emerging climate change. In compliance with Viet Nam’s commitment to achieve goal 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), part of which is making infrastructure sustainable and resilient, and plan to set out and implement its Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP), National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and Nationally Determined Contributions (I) NDCs, efforts are being made to increase resilience of infrastructure nationwide. This article summarizes some initial findings of Viet Nam’s efforts and presents an innovative approach with 3 strategic measures: 1) To enhance provision of user-friendly climate services for infrastructure planners; 2) To enhance the use of climate services and consideration of climate risk assessment for infrastructure planning process and 3) To mainstream the approach of climate-proofing for infrastructure into the SEDP, NDC and NAP of Viet Nam. The article provides an insight into Viet Nam’s strategy of enhancing climate services as a basis for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into infrastructure planning. It was translated and adapted from the Vietnamese original, which was published March 2019 in the Journal of Economy Forecast Review, No. 7, Volume 03/2019, pp.10 – 15
Study on Enhancing Climate Services for the Road and Bridges Infrastructure Sector in Costa Rica
Apr 03, 2019 - Report - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Infrastructures are the fundamental basis for the sustainable development of a society’s economic prosperity and social well-being. The road infrastructure system in Costa Rica is especially vulnerable to extreme hydro-meteorological events. In the period from 2005 to 2017 such events caused economic losses of about US$ 2.210 million in the infrastructure sector of which more than half refers to road infrastructure (CNE 2017). In order to guarantee the functionality of the road infrastructure in the future and minimize costs for their preservation and reconstruction, climate proof infrastructure systems are essential. Climate risk management processes require the availability of adequate climate information which can be incorporated into development decisions and policy at relevant scale. In order to enhance the provision and use of climate information the current state of a National Climate Service for the context of the road infrastructure sector needs to be assessed and analysed. The baseline assessment is based on the concept and structure of the Global Framework of Climate Services. The study provides an overview of the Climate Service inventory which encompasses currently available Climate Service capacities and specific products. It furthermore reflects the current use and demands of Climate Services from the road infrastructure sector and lays out potential measures for enhancing Climate Services for the road and bridges infrastructure sector as a basis for efficient and effective adaptation planning.
The Relation Between Climate Change Adaptation & Coastal Protection Planning in the Mekong Delta – The Role of Climate Services for the Decision Support System to Avoid Loss & Damage and Minimize Future Costs
Apr 02, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
The Decision Support Tool (DST) for the Coastal Protection for the Mekong Delta (CPMD) provides an analysis of the current geographical, geological and hydrological situation along the Mekong Delta’s coastline. Besides a surveillance of changes of the coastal regimes over the last decades until today, it also includes an assessment of the major coastal protection infrastructure, including dykes and sluice gates, embankments as well as eco-based foreshore protections such as the mangrove belt. Climate Change, however, adds the future as a new perspective and changes the parameters of the DST “equation” through the application of different climate models and scenarios. This essay elaborates on the role of tailor made Climate Services for decision-making advice for coastal infrastructure planning and how Climate Services can be incorporated into the DST handled by the Vietnamese Government.
Orientation Guide on Concepts, Terms and Definitions in the Context of Climate Services & Infrastructure Climate Risk Management
Apr 02, 2019 - Manual - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
This orientation guide is focussing on terms and terminology related to Climate Services on the one side, and infrastructure climate risk management on the other. Hence, this glossary occupies a niche in climate risk research and practice. So far less attention has been on focussing on the Climate Service specialized terminology as well as infrastrucfurre specific issues related to climate risk. This guide has been built to develop a common understanding amongst partners of the Climate Services for Infrastructure Investment (CSI) project.
Climate Services for Infrastructure Investments – Baseline Assessment Report for the Nile Basin Countries
Apr 02, 2019 - Report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Every year, emerging economies and developing countries invest billions in long‐term infrastructure projects. However, their plans often fail to take account of future climate change. This leads to high risks of damage and misguided investments. This especially accounts for the Nile Basin, where water related infrastructure provides food and energy security to entire nations. Known as Climate Services, user‐oriented climate information and products (e.g. risk and vulnerability analyses) are required that enable public and private decision‐makers to raise the resilience of national infrastructures. Many countries within the Nile Basin region so far lack the institutional, technical and service‐related conditions they need to set up and mainstream climate services in their planning procedures and regulations. In order to enhance the provision of Climate Services for infrastructure investments, a baseline assessment of available Climate Services has been conducted focusing on the assessment of respective capabilities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) in Burundi, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. The assessment is based on data collected in interviews, surveys and workshops.
The Role of Climate Data in the Planning Processes in Germany for Bridges, Hydropower Dams and Coastal Protection
Apr 02, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The incorporation of climate change into infrastructure planning is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Due to insufficient planning and usage of climate services and predictions, adaptation measures failed under the threat of climatic events. Such an example can be seen in the floods in Dresden, Hamburg and other cities in many conceding years, where the waters still managed to flood the city, although adaptation measures had been put in place. Therefore the question arises of, how does the planning of certain infrastructure projects work and where are the entry points for climate data and information? The act of planning, organizing and constructing any infrastructure project however is a very complex and comprehensive topic. The process runs through a lot of steps and incorporates a vast sum of actors involved. This report aims to give an overview of the planning processes in Germany for bridges, hydropower dams and coastal protection and where in such processes climate data are required. Certain codes, standards, norms and regulations will be assessed to understand how the decision making processes are influenced.
Climate Services in Germany – Stakeholders, Challenges, Factors of Success
Apr 02, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Within the German Adaptation Strategy, municipalities in Germany are given a special role in its implementation and that is why they represent one of the largest target groups for Climate Services. Local climate information and services are therefore necessary for tailored adaptation measures in urban development or civil engineering projects. The study provides 6 main recommendations for an enhanced provision and use of Climate Services for adaptation planning in Germany
Assessment of Climate Service Providers Capabilities in Brazil
Apr 02, 2019 - Report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
The Assessment of Climate Service Providers Capabilities in Brazil has been conducted as part of the baseline asssessment for the Climate Service for Infrastructure Investment (CSI) project. It demonstrates that a diverse set of stakeholders exist that provides Climate Services for different sectors and decision making context. Nontheless it also demonstrates a shortcoming that many stakeholders in the Climate Service debate address: The lack of adequate exchange with users of Climate Services for the delivery of tailor made and user-centred climate Information products. The report is in Portuguese.
Mainstreaming Adaptation Delhi Workshop Report 2010
Mar 08, 2017 - Workshop report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Second International Workshop on Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change. Managing Adaptation Processes, 10–12 November 2010, New Delhi, organised by ADB, DFID, GTZ, USAID, World Bank Author: GTZ (2010)
International Workshop on Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change
Mar 08, 2017 - Workshop report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
International Workshop on Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change. Guidance and Tools GTZ House Berlin, Potsdam Square 28-30 May 2009 organised by DFID, GTZ, USAID, World Bank. Author: GTZ (2009)
Documentation of the Workshop ‘Adaptation to climate change: putting knowledge into action’
Mar 01, 2017 - Workshop report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Documentation of the Workshop ‘Adaptation to climate change: putting knowledge into action’. 24-25 November 2011 in Durban, Republic of South Africa Author: GIZ (2012)
Climate Information Training LGA
Mar 01, 2017 - Workshop report - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Documentation of the Training on ‘Understanding Climate Information & Managing Uncertainty’. 19-20 June 2012 in Pasig City, Local Government Academy, Republic of the Philippines, Author: GIZ (2012) Author: GIZ (2012)
Draft Checklist for Climate Information Services
Feb 28, 2017 - Guide - Topic: Climate Information & Services
A checklist helping adaptation planners prepare climate information for adaptation planning, implementation, and monitoring. Author: GIZ (2013)
Climate Services for Climate-Smart Development: A Preliminary Guide for Investment
Feb 28, 2017 - Guide - Topic: Climate Information & Services
International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI, 2012): Climate Services for Climate-Smart Development: A Preliminary Guide for Investment Author: International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI, 2012)
Climate Change Information For Effective Adaptation. A Practitioner’s Manual
Feb 28, 2017 - Manual - Topic: Climate Information & Services
Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation Author: GTZ (2009)