Climate Change and Labor in Sub-Saharan Africa
May 22, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Climate change is directly and indirectly imposing adverse effects on labor productivity, employment, and labor mobility worldwide. It directly affects labor productivity through heat-stress, expansion of malaria and other weather-sensitive diseases. Indirectly, it impinges on employment through its effects on economic and ecosystem functions. The magnitude of such effects on labor are non-linear across the world. In particular, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) stands out in terms of both direct and indirect effects of climate change on labor due to various reasons. This report reviews the interlinkages between climate change and labor with a special focus on the SSA region. The first objective is to synthesize how climate change would impact labor productivity, employment and migration both directly and indirectly. The second objective is to highlight how policy responses would contribute to maintain employment in the face of climate change.
Climate Risk Management for infrastructure as part of the NAP in Costa Rica
May 18, 2020 - Overview document - Topic: NAP & NDC
For the transition into a carbon-neutral economy Costa Rica launched in July 2018 an ambitious NAP towards a resilient and decarbonized development with a transformative vision. The fact that 34% of the hydrometeorological losses were related to the infrastructure sector, shed a light on the vulnerability to climate extreme events of this sector. Hence, climate risk management (CRM) for infrastructure has been mainstreamed into the NAP throughout two complementary axes. The first axis, knowledge management for climate change impact, climate services and development of local capacities will provide information and abilities and hence is a condition for the second axis, resilient climate services and infrastructure. Within the first axis, the open data policy poses a unique opportunity for the provision of climate services alike the development of a universal and public knowledge platform for streamlining information. In addition, more useful and usable climate studies, report and analysis would allow for more comprehensive and accurate losses and damages evaluations, future climate scenarios and cost-benefit evaluations of adaptation measurements. A vulnerability assessment protocol based on the pilot climate risk assessment of the Guardia Bridge will be status-quo for ensuring climate-resilient infrastructure by which losses and damages to hydrometeorological events shall be reduced. The following presentation developed by the Directorate of Climate Change in Costa Rica (DCC) provides an overview of the guidelines included in the NAP with regard to CRM for infrastructure.
Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
An infrastructure-oriented climate risk assessment was piloted for the planned Cai Lon – Cai Be sluice gate system project in the Mekong Delta– an infrastructure investment by the Government of Vietnam with an estimated budget of USD 145 million, starting from 2018 until 2021 with a significant function to prevent salt water intrusion, especially with regards to higher probabilities of severe droughts. An assessment team of Vietnamese hydro-meteorologist, climatologist, water infrastructure engineers and planners, and civil experts was formed to conduct a climate risk assessment according to the PIEVC Protocol (Public Infrastructure and Engineering Vulnerability Committee). One of the most useful tool of the methodology is the risk matrix. By calculating the probability and severity of each climate parameter on each infrastructure component, decision-makers are more prone to weighted potential adaptation measures. The study results proved that the PIEVC Protocol has a high potential to be applied for climate risk assessments of infrastructures (both planned projects and existing infrastructure) in Viet Nam. With enhanced capacities, the climate risk assessment can serve as a nationwide decision support tool for the infrastructure investors and planners in Viet Nam.
A recipe for the service of climate risk assessment
May 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Resources, capital and capacities are required for the assessment of climate risk, however the availability, quantity and expenses are beforehand unknown for decision-makers. How many people would need to be hired? What level of expertise is required? How long will it take? How much is it going to cost? The lack of answers to these questions limit or delay the decision by project owners or investment planners whether or not to conduct a climate risk assessment for their infrastructure investments. To facilitate and streamline the replica of the Cai Lon-Cai Be sluice gate climate risk assessment in Vietnam, this document provides a detail description of the kind of services needed. Based on the structure of a typical recipe, the provided services are divided in three components; procedure, quantity and costs. To illustrate the application of the proposed recipe as well as highlight the relevant inputs under different circumstances, three scenarios with variations on users ( public or privat) and planning stages ( feasibility and after construction) were showcased. All in all, this document aims to streamline the decision-making process and facilitate the cost-benefits analysis by making available a tool which helps weight alternatives.
Brief for policy makers based on the study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework”
Apr 21, 2020 - Policy Brief - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The brief for policy makers has been developed based on information and findings of the study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change adaptation and disaster risk reduction” which was prepared by OECD for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Further information can be found in the full report.
Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction
Apr 21, 2020 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The study “Common Ground between the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework: Climate Change adaptation and disaster risk reduction” examines challenges and potentials for a coherent implementation of climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) across levels of government and sectors. Based on the country case studies of Ghana, Peru and the Philippines, the study provides actionable ways forward for increased coherence of the CCA and DRR agendas targeted at policy makers in developing countries and emerging economies as well as development cooperation actors. The study was commissioned to the OECD and conducted in close cooperation with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It serves as a contribution to the G20 Adaptation Work Program by Germany/BMZ in line with the G20 priorities of the Japanese Presidency.
Climate risk assessment on infrastructure: A report about the bridge over the Tempisque river in Guardia, Costa Rica
Apr 17, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Due to its geographical location, Costa Rica´s infrastructure is vulnerable to hydro-meteorological extreme events which will increase as a result of climate change. These events cause billions of losses in infrastructure, of which more than a half are related to the road infrastructure sector such as the destruction of roads, bridges and sewer systems. To analyse the exposure and hazard to climate-related events, the implementation of climate risk assessments on infrastructure is crucial. To that extend, the bridge over the Tempsique river in Guardia was chosen to pilot a climate risk assessment based on the PIEVC methodology. Throughout the assessment, the current vulnerability of the bridge´s components were analysed as well as the impact of current and future hydro-meteorological events were estimated. In a nutshell, the report provides decision-makers with necessary information to adopt adaptation measurements towards the maintenance and operation of a climate-resilient bridge. Of equal importance is the development of capacities among as well as the mainstream of the approach. Lastly, the assessment has incentivised to develop of a climate risk assessment tool tailor-made to the Costa Rican context.
Visioning Futures: Improving Infrastructure Planning to Harness Nature’s Benefits in a Warming World
Feb 04, 2020 - Report - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
While considerable progress is being made toward more low carbon, resilient infrastructure development, there are still major gaps in current planning approaches to be addressed to make progress against multiple goals in critical global agreements on climate, biodiversity, and sustainable development. Natural capital and ecosystem services continue to be undervalued and poorly understood, especially the benefits they provide in supporting resilience for people and infrastructure in a rapidly warming world. This WWF report, with support from GIZ, outlines a new planning approach integrating considerations of natural capital and ecosystem services, climate risks and resilience, and sustainable development needs to support social-ecological system scale planning. It provides key recommendations for global and local institutions influential in infrastructure development, from multilateral development banks and other funders to NGOs and the private sector, to address these gaps and facilitate an improved planning approach.
Supplementary Factsheet – Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Risk Management
This factsheet is supplement to the “Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector” which was prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The factsheet presents the approach and method used in the climate risk study. It lays out the key analysis steps of the study, explaining the different methods, models and data used. Further information can be found in the full climate risk study as well as in the supplementary material to the study.
Executive Summary – Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Executive Summary - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The executive summary has been developed based on information and findings of the “Climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector” which was prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Further information can be found in the full climate risk analysis as well as in the supplementary material to it.
Climate Risk Profile: Ghana
Dec 10, 2019 - Technical paper - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The climate risk country profile for Ghana was jointly developed by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, and the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The profile is part of the project “Climate risk analyses for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Sub-Sahara Africa” (AGRICA). It provides a snapshot of projected climate parameters and related impacts on key sectors in Ghana until 2080 under different climate change scenarios. Thereby, it builds on state-of-the-art modelling of the latest climate data and makes main findings accessible to non-experts and decision-makers through easy-to-read graphs and texts. The profile’s cross-sectoral approach and long time frame shall serve climate mainstreaming and inform adaptation planning processes, such as NAP and NDC. In doing so, it provides valuable input for enhancing the climate resilience of development cooperation portfolios and for making provided support “climate secure”.
Climate Risk Analysis for Identifying and Weighing Adaptation Strategies in Ghana’s Agricultural Sector
Dec 10, 2019 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
With climate change impacts increasingly affecting people’s livelihoods and dampening economic growth perspectives, effective adaptation is essential to ensure that already achieved development gains are not endangered. However, often only limited information is available on climate change impacts, especially in the long-term, as well as on the costs and benefits of concrete adaptation options. As part of the project “Climate risk analyses for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in sub-Saharan Africa (AGRICA)”, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), undertook in cooperation with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) an in-depth climate risk analysis for identifying and weighing adaptation strategies in Ghana’s agricultural sector. The study focuses on evolving trends for temperature and precipitation, future water availability and the country’s suitability to grow crops. The study’s projections go up to 2090, offering opportunities not only to look into short-term trends (2030), but also to take into account -with great precision- medium (2050) and long-term climate change impacts. In addition, the study undertakes a cost-benefit analysis of selected adaptation options on which basis “business cases” for adaptation can be identified.
Climate change and small-scale fisheries
Dec 04, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The fisheries sector contributes significantly to income and food security for hundreds of millions of people, particularly in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and coastal Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Climate change presents key challenges for small-scale fisheries and mariculture and is projected to have significant impacts on the lives and livelihoods of people dependent on this sector. The precise magnitude of future impacts of climate change on fisheries – in particular small-scale fisheries – are still poorly understood, since they involve numerous interactions with fragile and complex ecosystems that are often already affected by other stressors such as overfishing or pollution
Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Insurance: Success, Challenges and Opportunities
Nov 07, 2019 - Fact sheet - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Both Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) and Climate Risk Finance & Insurance (CRFI) can be used to enhance adaptation, reduce and transfer risk, and build resilience to the growing impacts from natural and human-made hazards. There is a nascent and growing interest in where these strategies may intersect and be mutually beneficial for adaptation. The substantive engagement between the insurance and environmental sectors is relatively new. Thus, it is hardly surprising that few fully integrated Climate Risk Finance & Insurance and EbA products (e.g. reef insurance in Mexico, p. 24) currently exist, and that such solutions face some challenges. That said, there are many common interests and significant opportunities which could help improve integration of CRFI with EbA and more broadly Nature-based Solutions. These can lead to innovations beneficial to both sectors and, most importantly, to improved resilience outcomes for vulnerable people and for nature. The GIZ joint publication by the Global Project Mainstreaming EbA, the InsuResilience Secretariat and ACRI+ is available now; Authors: UC Santa Cruz, The Nature Conservancy, Social Impact Partners.
Insurance For Climate Adaptation: Opportunities And Limitations
Sep 19, 2019 - Technical paper - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Informing the Global Commission on Adaptation’s flagship report for the UN Cimate Action Summit, a new report has been published on “Insurance for Climate Adaptation: Opportunities And Limitations”. Its content elaborates on climate and disaster risk insurance, its role, its making and recommendations.
Umfassendes Risikomanagement. Der Ansatz der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Umgang mit Katastrophen- und Klimarisiken
Jul 24, 2019 - Integrierter Ansatz - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Umfassendes Risikomanagement verbindet Strategien und Maßnahmen zur Reduzierung von Katastrophen- und Klimarisiken. Anstelle von separaten Einzelmaßnahmen werden sowohl bewährte als auch innovative Instrumente aus dem Klimaschutz, der Anpassung an den Klimawandel, dem Katastrophenrisikomanagement sowie der sozialen Sicherung zu einem Gesamtansatz kombiniert. Durch die Übergangshilfe wird zudem die Brücke zur Humanitären Hilfe geschlagen, die dem übergeordneten Ziel folgt, Überleben zu sichern. Industrielle Gefahrenlagen und biologische Bedrohungen werden dabei ebenfalls berücksichtigt, wenn diese potenziell mit Extremereignissen zusammenhängen (z. B. Kernschmelze nach einem Tsunami oder Epidemien nach Hochwasser).
Comprehensive Risk Management. The Approach of German Development Cooperation for Dealing with Disaster and Climate Risks
Jul 24, 2019 - Approach - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Comprehensive risk management involves bringing together strategies and measures to reduce disaster and climate risks. Rather than a series of individual measures, it combines both tried-and-tested and innovative instruments from the fields of climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and social protection into a single holistic approach. Transitional development assistance acts as a bridge to humanitarian aid, where the overriding objective is to save lives. Comprehensive risk management also takes account of industrial hazards and biological threats where there is a potential link to extreme events (e. g. a nuclear core meltdown following a tsunami or epidemic outbreaks after severe flooding).
Study on Enhancing Climate Services for the Road and Bridges Infrastructure Sector in Costa Rica
Apr 03, 2019 - Report - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Infrastructures are the fundamental basis for the sustainable development of a society’s economic prosperity and social well-being. The road infrastructure system in Costa Rica is especially vulnerable to extreme hydro-meteorological events. In the period from 2005 to 2017 such events caused economic losses of about US$ 2.210 million in the infrastructure sector of which more than half refers to road infrastructure (CNE 2017). In order to guarantee the functionality of the road infrastructure in the future and minimize costs for their preservation and reconstruction, climate proof infrastructure systems are essential. Climate risk management processes require the availability of adequate climate information which can be incorporated into development decisions and policy at relevant scale. In order to enhance the provision and use of climate information the current state of a National Climate Service for the context of the road infrastructure sector needs to be assessed and analysed. The baseline assessment is based on the concept and structure of the Global Framework of Climate Services. The study provides an overview of the Climate Service inventory which encompasses currently available Climate Service capacities and specific products. It furthermore reflects the current use and demands of Climate Services from the road infrastructure sector and lays out potential measures for enhancing Climate Services for the road and bridges infrastructure sector as a basis for efficient and effective adaptation planning.
Orientation Guide on Concepts, Terms and Definitions in the Context of Climate Services & Infrastructure Climate Risk Management
Apr 02, 2019 - Manual - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
This orientation guide is focussing on terms and terminology related to Climate Services on the one side, and infrastructure climate risk management on the other. Hence, this glossary occupies a niche in climate risk research and practice. So far less attention has been on focussing on the Climate Service specialized terminology as well as infrastrucfurre specific issues related to climate risk. This guide has been built to develop a common understanding amongst partners of the Climate Services for Infrastructure Investment (CSI) project.
ملحق المخاطر – التابع لكتاب المصادر الخاص بالقابلية للتأثر
Mar 01, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Arabic translation of the Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook is now available.
Suplemento de Riesgo para el Libro de la Vulnerabilidad
Feb 27, 2019 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Spanish translation of the Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook is now available.
Comprehensive Climate Risk Management – Promising pathways to avert, minimise and address Loss and Damage
Feb 25, 2019 - Policy Brief - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Comprehensive Climate Risk Management (CRM) is an approach that aims to manage risk along the entire risk continuum, from short-term extreme weather events such as storms and floods to long-term gradual changes such as sea level rise and desertification. Instead of applying individual and standalone measures, it involves a combination of proven and innovative instruments that enlarges our understanding of adaptation as integrated, participatory and iterative approach to manage climate-related risk. This info sheet introduces GIZs risk-based approach to manage Loss & Damage. By analysing risks and identifying suitable solutions on a technical level, this approach supports decision makers from the public and private sector in forward-looking planning.
Adaptation Briefing: Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development – an Introduction
Feb 21, 2019 - Guide - Topic: NAP & NDC
This paper is the first of the Adaptation Briefing series under the NDC Support Cluster, which aims to provide concise and easy to digest information on key topics, relevant for projects working on climate change adaptation. The Briefings – besides short thematic introductions – offer well-selected references, which provide a rich source of further knowledge and information on practical solutions and can help projects navigate adaptation processes in their respective countries. This Briefing gives a short introduction to alignment as an underlying principle of international agendas such as the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction to advance climate-resilient development.
How does climate change affect human mobility?
Jun 06, 2018 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Risk Management
The IPCC confirms that human mobility does not have a single cause but rather emerges from multiple factors. These include poverty and demographic pressure, bad governance, depletion of natural resources or armed conflicts and violence. Economic reasons, especially regional income disparities between rural and urban areas, remain the most significant drivers of move-ment. However, climate change is an additional driver.
Guide complémentaire sur la vulnérabilité : le concept de risque
Mar 09, 2018 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
French translation of the Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook. Detailed information here: https://www.adaptationcommunity.net/vulnerability-assessment/vulnerability-sourcebook/
Adaptation to Climate Change: Promising Ways to Tackle Climate Risks
Nov 06, 2017 - Report - Topic: Private Sector Adaptation
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (2017): Adaptation to Climate Change – Promising Ways to Tackle Climate Risks. Summary: This paper describes the German approach and contribution to climate change adaptation in developing countries. It addresses topics such as adaptation finance, private sector adaptation and innovative climate risk finance solutions.
Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook
Oct 06, 2017 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
The Risk Supplement to the Vulnerability Sourcebook introduces the IPCC AR5 risk concept and provides guidelines on how to conduct risk assessments using the Vulnerability Sourcebook’s approach. The Vulnerability Sourcebook provides step-by-step guidelines to conduct robust vulnerability assessments according to the IPCC concept of vulnerability. Since its publication in 2014, it has been widely used for vulnerability assessments in the framework of climate change adaptation planning from the local to the national level. The Fifth IPCC Assessment Report (AR5) moved from focusing on vulnerability to focusing on risk of climate-related impacts that may harm a system. To account for this change, in 2017 this Risk Supplement has been developed.
Climate change realities in Small Island Developing States in the Caribbean
May 26, 2017 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
This report aims at making the case for developing and implementing a comprehensive, structured approach at the local, national, regional and international levels to deal with residual risk associated with climate-related events. The report focuses on the Caribbean region with a special emphasis on Grenada, which illustrates the consequences and the responses to deal with climate risk arising from climate change-related extreme events and slow onset changes through concrete case studies.
Post-Pam: lessons learned for [German] development cooperation in Vanuatu and the Pacific
May 24, 2017 - Study - Topic: Climate Risk Management
Tropical Cyclone Pam has been recognised as an opportunity to learn lessons and draw up recommendations for [German] development cooperation and its partners in the region on how to address the issue of comprehensive climate risk management, including climate risk insurance. The objectives of this study were to identify those lessons in order to inform Germany’s current and future regional cooperation in Vanuatu and the South Pacific region. The study gives an overview of socio-economic characteristics, disaster risk, and CRM institutions and programmes in Vanuatu and the region.
Climate Change Policy Brief: How can climate risk management support NAP
May 15, 2017 - Policy Brief - Topic: Mainstreaming & NAP
Today’s and future adaptation action aim to reduce climate-related risks to a degree which depends on the scale of risks and the scale of the adaptation action. A comprehensive analysis and management of climate risks can be helpful to identify the potential for risk reduction, for identifying the respective limits and assess residual risk which cannot be mitigated by the specific measure.
The Vulnerability Sourcebook – Poster
Apr 27, 2017 - Fact sheet - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Vulnerability Sourcebook – Concept and Guidelines for standardised Vulnerability Assessments
Mar 24, 2017 - Guide - Topic: Vulnerability / Risk Assessment
Author: GIZ 2014
Loss and Damage to Ecosystem Services
May 24, 2016 - Report - Topic: Climate Risk Management
UNEP 2016. Loss and Damage: The role of Ecosystem Services. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.