• English
  • French

Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning for Paris, the SDGs and Beyond

The Paris Agreement frames adaptation in terms of the actions needed to address the impacts of a global warming of 1.5–2°C. However, current trends suggest that warming is likely to exceed 2° degrees by the middle of the 21st century, which makes incremental approaches beyond 2030 necessary.

Taking the six adaptation principles of the Paris Agreement (Article 7) and the criteria of relevance, quality, effectiveness and adequacy, IIED has created a framework for developing climate adaptation monitoring, evaluation and learning systems (CAMELS). This can help countries to meet the short-term adaptation obligations while preparing themselves at the same time for higher levels of warming by reviewing critically the existing systems, processes and practices for adaptation action and by complementing and replacing them.