Human Mobility, Climate Change and Gender in the Philippines

The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable places to the impacts of climate change, with a high exposure to various slow onset processes and extreme weather events. Related environmental degradation, household security disruption and destruction of livelihoods, are forcing communities to leave their homes by using different mobility pathways as response strategies. Overall, people who are economically, politically, and socially marginalized within the communities, including women and members of the LGBTQ community, are more likely to be affected by climate change. At the same time, human mobility can also exacerbate existing inequalities between women and men and expose them to new vulnerabilities. As issues of climate-induced mobility are inherently gendered, this compendium comprises an overview and analysis of gender approaches for different pathways of climate-induced mobility, working with six case studies on migration, displacement, and planned relocation. By presenting relevant lessons, best practices, tools, recommendations and resources to practitioners, a knowledge basis is provided for enhancing the gender-sensitive and sustainable management of human mobility in the context of climate change within the Philippines.