The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is a non-binding agreement comprising comprehensive commitments for governing international migration under the obligations and principles of international law. Commitments included in the compact, address migration induced by disasters, the adverse effects of climate change and environmental degradation. Goals 2, 5, 21 and 23 of the GCM are of particular relevance within this context. However, the GCM lacks a comprehensive monitoring and reporting framework to track and evaluate the implementation process. To support an effective implementation process, this report reviews existing policies and legal instruments on regional and national level governing migration in the context of disasters, climate change and environmental degradation. By identifying and analysing implementation gaps as well as effective practices of governments, this analysis shall serve as a baseline to facilitate and assess future implementations.
As part of the GCM Baseline Mapping, more than 930 policy and legal instruments to regulate human mobility in the context of disasters, climate and environmental change in 171 countries were identified and compiled in a global database. The instruments were analysed and evaluated with regard to the above-mentioned relevant goals and measures of the GCM. In 21 selected countries, more detailed assessments were carried out with the help of 15 specially developed indicators.