The effects of climate change are already being felt in Fiji. Rising of seas continue to erode shorelines and encroach on coastal communities, and tropical cyclones are causing damage. The Fijian Government has recognized that, as a last resort, some communities, structures and infrastructure will have to be permanently relocated as the only way to avoid tragedy, save lives, protect livelihoods and prevent social disruption. With the support of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Fiji has developed the Planned Relocation Guidelines to assist and guide relocation efforts at the local level. By doing so, it is one of the first nation states to develop a national framework that guides the relocation process.