Climate Change Impacts on Human (Im-) Mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Recent Trends and Options for Policy Responses.
Jul 30, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This study examines the negative effects of climate change and how they relate to human mobility in designated countries located in East, West and Southern Africa. It outlines the risks on the livelihood faced by many Africans because of increasingly unpredictable weather events that complicate access to primary necessities while deteriorating health infrastructures and slowing down economic growth. Through the lenses of three major climate change impacts – namely: droughts, water scarcity and rainfall variability – it argues that environmental change risks to increase (forced) migration and the number of trapped populations unable to migrate. It concludes with a set of recommendations on how regional policymakers can best deal with future migration movements.
Factsheet BMZ Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change
May 14, 2020 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This factsheet provides insights into the different forms of human mobility – migration, displacement and planned relocation – and its multiple drivers that result in a person´s decision to migrate or stay in the face of extreme weather events and gradual changes in the environment. It presents how GIZ´s Global Programme “Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change” (GP HMCCC) improves applied knowledge on climate-induced migration and how it supports national and regional partners, non-governmental organisations and universities to discuss and deal with the resulting challenges in its project regions.
Overview of Fiji’s Response to International Frameworks on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change
Apr 09, 2020 - Report - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The report shows that the pressure on human settlements in the Pacific Islands is likely to increase significantly in the coming years with the increase of global warming and environmental changes that pose risks to human health, livelihoods, food security and economic growth, and will likely result in the forced relocation and displacement of Pacific Island people. This document provides an overview of how Fiji, a Pacific Island country affected by climate change, has responded nationally to international and regional frameworks and guidelines on adaptation and human mobility in the context of climate change. It covers, inter alia, how Fiji developed its Planned Relocation Guidelines – A framework to undertake climate change related relocation, the first to ever be developed in the Pacific Islands.
Scoping Paper: Climate Change, Human Mobility and Climate Risk Insurance Tools
Apr 09, 2020 - Scoping Paper - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This scoping paper, produced by the BMZ-funded GIZ Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change in collaboration with the InsuResilience Global Partnership, deals with the relationship between climate change and human mobility and the potential role of climate risk insurance tools (CRI tools) as an influencing factor on human mobility. Unfortunately, there is not yet empirical evidence on how CRI tools affect migration and displacement and how CRI tools may inhibit or facilitate mobility. The theoretical discussion suggests, though, that CRI tools may contribute to reducing risks associated with displacement by stabilising or creating conditions that allow people to make free decisions on leaving or staying. Furthermore, the paper provides several recommendations for policy and practice.
GIZ Factsheet: Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change – Migration, Displacement and Planned Relocation in the Eastern Caribbean, the Pacific and the Philippines
Apr 09, 2020 - Fact sheet - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This factsheet provides an introduction to the topic of HMCCC and gives an overview of relevant international policy frameworks. It looks at the partner regions and activities of the Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change (GP HMCCC), implemented by GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The programme is working to support its partners in addressing and better understanding the complex, multi-causal interrelations between different forms of human mobility and climate change and their reciprocal effects, especially in small atoll and island states in the Pacific and Caribbean regions and in the Philippines. In collaboration with national and regional partners, non-governmental organisations and universities, the GP HMCCC promotes exchange between all the actors involved. It aims at improving applied knowledge relating to the sustainable management of human mobility in the context of climate change in its partner regions.
Planned Relocation Guidelines – A Framework to Undertake Climate Change Related Relocation
Apr 09, 2020 - Guidelines - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The effects of climate change are already being felt in Fiji. Rising of seas continue to erode shorelines and encroach on coastal communities, and tropical cyclones are causing damage. The Fijian Government has recognized that, as a last resort, some communities, structures and infrastructure will have to be permanently relocated as the only way to avoid tragedy, save lives, protect livelihoods and prevent social disruption. With the support of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Fiji has developed the Planned Relocation Guidelines to assist and guide relocation efforts at the local level. By doing so, it is one of the first nation states to develop a national framework that guides the relocation process.
Displacement Guidelines – In the Context of Climate Change and Disasters
Apr 09, 2020 - Guidelines - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
The Fijian Government, with support from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), has developed Fiji’s Displacement Guidelines. The Displacement Guidelines aim to reduce the vulnerabilities associated with displacement and consider durable solutions to prevent and minimise the drivers of displacement in affected communities in Fiji. Recognising that the displacement of people related to climate change and disasters is primarily not a state-led process, and concurrently acknowledging both the rising risk and trend of displaced persons in the context of climate change and disasters on the territory of Fiji, this document provides guidance for the Fijian Government and other non-state stakeholders present in Fiji to address and reduce vulnerabilities associated with displacement. It also provides guidance for considering sustainable solutions to prevent and minimise the drivers of displacement in the affected communities in relation to climate change and disaster-associated events occurring on the territory of Fiji.
Human Mobility, Climate Change and Gender: Compendium of Best Practices, Lessons Learnt and Tools for Pacific Practitioners
Apr 09, 2020 - Manual - Topic: Climate Change & Migration
This compendium on Human Mobility, Climate Change and Gender provides best practices, lessons learned and tools for Pacific practitioners and was developed as an additional module of the Pacific Gender & Climate Change Toolkit for Practitioners. It includes gender-related issues of human mobility in the context of climate change in the Pacific context, and intends to support climate change practitioners working in national governments, non-governmental organisations and regional or international organisations to integrate gender into all aspects of policy, programming and project work. The document was prepared with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), through GIZ’s Global Programme on Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change (GP HMCCC). The case studies from Kiribati, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Fiji include best practices and lessons learned and cover the gender dimension of migration, displacement and planned relocation.