Climate Justice in Ecosystem-based Adaptation: The case of Indigenous municipalities in the province of la Mosquitia, Honduras

La Mosquitia is a remote province of Honduras with about 100,000 mostly Indigenous inhabitants. Structural disadvantages account for high levels of poverty and conflicts over
land use rights.

The project ‘Sustainable Natural Resource Management under Climate Aspects in Indigenous Territories in La Mosquitia’, which runs until 2023, aims primarily to achieve sustainable and climate-adapted use of the province’s natural resources. The project focuses particularly on strengthening governance structures to encourage the local population to participate in development planning. From the start, the project has actively involved the local population both in planning and implementing ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) through agroecological approaches. Stakeholders’ strong sense of project ownership and political recognition of its participatory approach indicate the value of the justice-based approach.

The case of Honduras / La Mosquitia illustrates the importance of integrating justice issues into the project during the early stages of planning. It is especially important to integrate these issues into governance structures and processes in the project area, although project management needs to consider them as well. As shown in Figure 1, entry points for anchoring justice issues strategically include the project concept, steering structure, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system and the staff concept. Integrating the various dimensions of justice – recognition justice, procedural justice and distributive justice – through these entry points is a key prerequisite for justice to be considered in project implementation.