Sustainable land management (SLM) activities are listed as priority actions for climate change mitigation in 60% of all submitted NDCs and for adaptation in 40% of NDCs. The Paris Agreement has introduced an enhanced transparency framework (ETF) to assess progress towards global mitigation and adaptation objectives. International and domestic monitoring, evaluation and reporting processes are distinct but closely related.
M&E refers to monitoring, evaluation and learning systems used by governments, international organisations, NGOs and other project implementing agencies for their own policy purposes. Common challenges include weak linkages between M&E systems at different levels and limited coherence among sectoral M&E systems, including between SLM initiatives and systems that monitor and report climate benefits at national level.
This information brief by GIZ and UNIQUE uses examples from Kenya to illustrate the value of multi-purpose, multi-level M&E systems, and proposes steps towards developing such systems based on existing M&E systems for SLM.