Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change – Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Eastern Caribbean
The Eastern Caribbean region is currently faced with a dilemma: On the one hand, the region is struggling with the management of the COVID-19 pandemic which has necessitated extended State of Emergency periods with established curfews and other measures to encourage people to stay home, practice social distancing and move as little as possible. Also, borders are largely closed, hence, the Free Movement of People Regime in the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) region is restricted due to COVID-19. These situations imply that people cannot move within the region and internal movements are also restricted. On the other hand, the OECS region is expecting an above-average active hurricane season which, based on past experience, might require people to move within their countries or across borders as a result of hurricanes or other climate-related events. These two different crises demand contrasting kinds of action: remaining versus moving.
Understaning and explaining what Ecosystem-based Adaptation is can be tricky. This new facthseet developed by the Global project Mainstreaming EbA provides you with a brief overview and a simple visualization to help make the term EbA more clear. It also relates EbA to the now often discussed term ‘Nature-based Solutions’ and thereby offers an easy to remember bridge to avoid confusion.
The Global Project Mainstreaming EbA is a knowledge management project supports actors at international, national and local level to incorporate ecosystem-based adaptation into policy and planning processes of different sectors. A focus of the project lies on knowledge management within an international EbA community of practice. With the help of additional networks, the global EbA project has developed a variety of concepts, strategies, methods and tools to promote EbA and to inform adaptation negotiations, policies, strategies and action plans.
C‘est un enjeu fondamental pour l’avenir de l’humanité de nourrir une population mondiale en augmentation constante, tout en respectant les limites de la planète. Les modèles dominants de production et de consommation entraînent la perte des bases d’existence naturelles et détruisent les écosystèmes et leur fonctionnement. En 2017, 820 millions de personnes souffraient de sous-alimentation. Le changement climatique renforce cette tendance et pousse les écosystèmes naturels jusqu’aux limites de leur capacité de charge, entraînant ainsi de graves conséquences pour l’environnement, l’économie et les êtres humains. Afin d’assurer la survie de l’humanité, il est nécessaire de rendre les systèmes agro-alimentaires plus durables et plus résilients au climat.
La transformation de l’agriculture et des systèmes alimentaires mondiaux est une tâche centrale pour les années à venir. Garantir la sécurité alimentaire d’une population mondiale croissante, maintenir des écosystèmes sains pour soutenir les revenus et l’économie, limiter les risques climatiques et diminuer les émissions de gaz à effet de serre sont les principaux objectifs de systèmes agricoles et alimentaires (agroalimentaires) pérennes. Compte tenu de la complexité de cette question, l’agroécologie (AE) s’est imposée dans le débat scientifique et politique comme un paradigme essentiel à y répondre.
The climate crisis and threats to food security are strongly interlinked. Global food and land use systems account for 21-37% of global greenhouse gas emissions and are one of the main drivers of climate change. On the other hand, agricultural production systems are very vulnerable to climate hazards, which are accelerated by climate change. Without action, yield reductions of up to 30% are expected. A rising population further increases food demand. To tackle this problem, adapting agricultural production systems to climate change is an indispensable step. Agroecology provides one solution that aims at developing sustainable land use and food systems and transforming them towards climate resilience and adaptiveness.
Agroecology is an approach that aims at developing sustainable land use and food systems and transforming them towards climate resilience and adaptiveness. The transformation of global agricultural and food systems is a central task of the coming years. Suitable solutions require the integration of as many system components as possible – from food cultivation, processing and trade, through consumers and their behaviour, to the relevant political and social environment.
Policy Advice for Climate-Resilient Economic Development (CRED) – Methods of assessing and planning climate-resilient economic development
The CRED Factsheet introduces in the IKI program Policy Advice for Climate-Resilient Economic Development. The factsheet explains the need to assess climate risks and improve adaptation measures. It illustrates the CRED approach in developing human and technical capacities in macro-economic modelling of climate risks in the economic and planning ministries in Kazakhstan, Vietnam and Georgia. This aims at central macro-economic strategies and policies, supporting the implementation of NDC goals and national adaptation plans (NAP).
The international EbA Community of Practice aims at knowledge and experience sharing and mutual learning beyond projects, institutions and regional boundaries on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA). Its purpose is to jointly develop harmonized approaches, evidence-based lessons learned and best practices for how to plan and implement effective EbA to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change through a collaborative learning process.
Planning for the future – Using scenario planning to improve the understanding and management of climate-induced migration
This factsheet provides an overview of scenario planning as an approach to deal with migration, displacement and planned relocation in the context of climate change. Scenario planning is a method that involves a wide range of stakeholders and serves as a tool for developing a range of future scenarios based on multiple factors and influences.
The Global Programme Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has successfully applied scenario planning methods with its partners in the Caribbean, Pacific and the Philippines. In this context, valuable insights and important options for action could be identified.