Synergies Between Biodiversity and Climate Policy Frameworks – A Series of Thematic Papers

Despite growing recognition that climate change and biodiversity loss are highly interlinked, policy efforts addressing both crises in an integrated manner remain limited. There is a need to make better use of existing opportunities to translate synergies into policies and implementation. The upcoming Conferences of Parties under the biodiversity (CBD) and climate conventions (UNFCCC) are important fora to advance synergistic approaches.

In this context, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), via the “Support Project for the Design and Implementation of the New Global Biodiversity Framework (BioFrame)” and the “Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA)” funded under the International Climate Initiative (IKI), in cooperation with the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), and Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) have developed a series of six thematic papers. They are published as a package and provide an overview, a sound scientific basis, and inspirational examples and case studies of synergies between biodiversity and climate change commitments. The papers cover legal agreements under the CBD and the UNFCCC, recent scientific findings (e.g., IPBES, IPCC), practical implementation aspects related to nature-based solutions, good governance, multilevel implementation, and finance.

The paper series’ overall objective is to enhance the understanding and policy uptake of such synergies, including through nature-based solutions, their enabling conditions, and the support mechanisms required for joint implementation and mainstreaming of biodiversity and climate change policies at the national and local levels. It seeks to inspire negotiators, policy- and decision-makers, and practitioners to identify and advocate for strategies and solutions that achieve multiple benefits for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and climate change adaptation and mitigation.


Below is the recording of the launch event with presentations of the thematic paper series’ key findings from a policy, science and implementation perspective.


By loading the video, you agree to YouTube’s privacy policy.
Learn more

Load video


The Thematic Papers can be accessed by clicking on the links below.

Summary Paper: Synergies Between Biodiversity and Climate Policy Frameworks

Thematic Paper 1: Linkages and Synergies Between International Instruments on Biodiversity and Climate Change

Thematic Paper 2: Linkages Between Biodiversity and Climate Change and the Role of Science-Policy-Practice Interfaces for Ensuring Coherent Policies and Actions

Thematic Paper 3: Nature-Based Solutions: An Approach for Joint Implementation of Climate and Biodiversity Commitments

Thematic Paper 4: Good Governance for Integrated Climate and Biodiversity Policy-Making

Thematic Paper 5: From National to Local Implementation: A Collaborative, Multi-Level Effort to Achieve Joint Climate and Biodiversity Goals

Thematic Paper 6: Delivering Financing for Joint Biodiversity and Climate Solutions