Working with nature to adapt
to a changing climate

Step 6: Evaluation of adaptation results

Monitoring and evaluating EbA

Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) helps to keep track of progress made in adapting to climate change. M&E can provide the basis for learning, accountability and reporting. M&E of climate adaptation can be done for a variety of purposes, be it to monitor specific adaptation projects, the implementation of a National Adaptation Plan, or the achievement of Nationally Determined Contribution goals. There is no one-size-fits all approach to M&E for these different purposes. Ideally, an M&E framework is set up before starting implementation. An important basis for the M&E system is the vulnerability and risk assessment conducted in step 2.

Suggested tools

A Toolbox for Adaptation M&E. GIZ has developed several tools to facilitate the development of M&E frameworks at national and subnational level. The Adaptation M&E Navigator provides orientation and suggests relevant M&E methods.

Monitoring and Evaluation – how to measure success of Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Learning Brief (GIZ, 2017). Experiences from practitioners on how to set up M&E systems and indicators for monitoring and evaluating adaptation results. The learning brief also informs about how to link M&E that is specific to Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) to other monitoring and reporting systems. This Learning Brief is the result of a learning and dialogue workshop held during the 2nd international EbA Community of Practice Workshop in Bangkok, Thailand in 2017.

Guidebook for Monitoring and Evaluating Ecosystem-based Adaptation Interventions (GIZ, 2020) (ENG), (ESP), (POR). The Guidebook for Monitoring and Evaluating Ecosystem-based Adaptation Interventions provides an overview of the process needed for designing and implementing effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA). It breaks this process down into four key steps that will help you develop and operationalise an M&E system for EbA, as well as effectively use and communicate M&E results. This Guidebook is primarily aimed at practitioners and planners who design and implement EbA on the ground and who are interested in assessing and understanding the results of their interventions in relation to helping people adapt to climate change.