This scoping paper by IISD unpacks the latest debates and approaches to defining adaptation and distinguishing it from other development investments. It builds on an in-depth literature review of the ongoing dialogue regarding the distinction between adaptation and development, extensive desk-based research of publicly available frameworks and policies of international adaptation funds and bilateral donors, and interviews with representatives from the Adaptation Fund (AF), the Climate Justice Resilience Fund (CJRF), Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the Green Climate Fund (GCF). It identifies common trends and good practices while also presenting any unanswered or lingering questions.
Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations to providers of support to adaptation, such as Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservations, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), in developing a strategic approach to funding adaptation action in developing countries.
Access the scoping paper here.